Comparison of additively manufactured and machined antenna array performance at Ka band

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
5
9-13
Series
IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, Volume 21, issue 1
Abstract
Additive manufacturing (AM) is a rapidly developing field, which potentially decreases the manufacturing costs and enables increasingly complex antenna shapes. Metal-based AM might be particularly useful for manufacturing antennas at millimeter-wave (mm-wave) range, because these antennas are physically small enough making AM cost efficient, and manufacturing accuracy could still suffice for good electrical performance. In this letter, two additively manufactured and identical machined fully metallic Ka-band Vivaldi antenna arrays are compared. The manufactured antenna arrays are compared using RF measurements to conclude the feasibility of AM for manufacturing antenna arrays at mm-wave frequencies. Comparison of the measured radiation patterns and realized gains of each of the antenna arrays between 26 and 40 GHz shows close to identical radiation patterns for all the arrays. A loss in realized gain of 0.5-1.5 dB is observed in the AM arrays when compared to the machined array due to the used materials and the surface roughness.
Description
Publisher Copyright: Author
Keywords
5G, additive manufacturing, antenna array, Antenna arrays, Antenna feeds, Antenna measurements, Antenna radiation patterns, Antennas, flared-notch antenna, Manufacturing, millimeter wave, phased array, Powders, tapered slot, Vivaldi antenna
Citation
Kahkonen , H , Proper , S , Ala-Laurinaho , J & Viikari , V 2022 , ' Comparison of additively manufactured and machined antenna array performance at Ka band ' , IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters , vol. 21 , no. 1 , pp. 9-13 . https://doi.org/10.1109/LAWP.2021.3113372