Effect of heat demand on integration of urban large-scale renewable schemes-case of Helsinki City (60 °n)

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2020-05-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
17
1-17
Series
Energies, Volume 13, issue 9
Abstract
Heat demand dominates the final energy use in northern cities. This study examines how changes in heat demand may affect solutions for zero-emission energy systems, energy system flexibility with variable renewable electricity production, and the use of existing energy systems for deep decarbonization. Helsinki city (60 °N) in the year 2050 is used as a case for the analysis. The future district heating demand is estimated considering activity-driven factors such as population increase, raising the ambient temperature, and building energy efficiency improvements. The effect of the heat demand on energy system transition is investigated through two scenarios. The BIO-GAS scenario employs emission-free gas technologies, bio-boilers and heat pumps. The WIND scenario is based on large-scale wind power with power-to-heat conversion, heat pumps, and bio-boilers. The BIO-GAS scenario combined with a low heat demand profile (-12% from 2018 level) yields 16% lower yearly costs compared to a business-as-usual higher heat demand. In the WIND-scenario, improving the lower heat demand in 2050 could save the annual system 6-13% in terms of cost, depending on the scale of wind power.
Description
Keywords
Decarbonizing pathways, District heating system, Energy system flexibility, System dynamics modelling
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Citation
Arabzadeh , V & Lund , P D 2020 , ' Effect of heat demand on integration of urban large-scale renewable schemes-case of Helsinki City (60 °n) ' , Energies , vol. 13 , no. 9 , 2164 , pp. 1-17 . https://doi.org/10.3390/en13092164