A novel CuFe2O4 ink for the fabrication of low-temperature ceramic fuel cell cathodes through inkjet printing

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Materials Advances, Volume 5
Inkjet printing is a mask-free, contactless, and precise thin film and coating fabrication technique, which can tailor the electrode microstructure of solid oxide fuel cells to provide a larger surface area with more reaction sites. For the first time, printable and functional CuFe2O4 inks were developed by analyzing particle size, viscosity, surface tension, density, and thermal properties. Two inks, named Ink (1) and Ink (2), were formulated with different compositions. Ink (2), containing 20 wt% 1,5-pentandiol, exhibited smaller particle sizes (0.87 μm) and a lower activation loss compared to Ink (1). For further optimization, NLK-GDC porous electrolyte substrates were inkjet printed with 30, 40, 50, 100 and 200 layers of Ink (2), with estimated thicknesses of 4.2, 5.6, 7, 14, and 28 μm. The best performance was achieved with a 100-layer inkjet-printed symmetric cell, exhibiting an ASR of 9.91 Ω cm2. To enhance the rheological properties of Ink (2), cyclopentanone was added, resulting in Ink (2) - Samba, which had improved characteristics. Ink (2) - Samba possessed an average particle size (D50) of 0.68 μm and a Z number of 3.89. Finally, EIS analysis compared a 100-layer inkjet-printed symmetric cell with Ink (2) - Samba to a drop-cast cell with the same ink to evaluate how the fabrication technique influences cell performance. Inkjet printing demonstrated a hierarchical porous microstructure, increased reaction sites, and reduced ASR from 19.59 Ω cm2 to 5.99 Ω cm2. Additionally, SEM images confirmed that inkjet printing reduced the particle size distribution during deposition. These findings highlight the significant impact of manufacturing techniques on electrode quality and fuel cell electrochemical performance.
Funding Information: The authors thank Academy of Finland (Grant No. 13329016, 13322738, 13352669) for their financial support. The Academy of Finland's RawMatTERS Finland Infrastructure (RAMI) at Aalto University was utilized in this research. Publisher Copyright: © 2023 RSC.
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Zarabi Golkhatmi , S , Lund , P D & Asghar , M I 2023 , ' A novel CuFe 2 O 4 ink for the fabrication of low-temperature ceramic fuel cell cathodes through inkjet printing ' , Materials Advances , vol. 5 , no. 1 , pp. 143-158 . https://doi.org/10.1039/d3ma00352c