3D Printing in COVID-19: Productivity Estimation of the Most Promising Open Source Solutions in Emergency Situations

dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorSalmi, Mikaen_US
dc.contributor.authorAkmal, Jan Sheren_US
dc.contributor.authorPei, Eujinen_US
dc.contributor.authorWolff, Janen_US
dc.contributor.authorJaribion, Alirezaen_US
dc.contributor.authorHaghighat Khajavi, Siavashen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Mechanical Engineeringen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Industrial Engineering and Managementen
dc.contributor.groupauthorAdvanced Manufacturing and Materialsen
dc.contributor.organizationBrunel University Londonen_US
dc.contributor.organizationFraunhofer Research Institution for Additive Manufacturing Technologiesen_US
dc.description.abstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has caused a surge of demand for medical supplies and spare parts, which has put pressure on the manufacturing sector. As a result, 3D printing communities and companies are currently operating to ease the breakdown in the medical supply chain. If no parts are available, 3D printing can potentially be used to produce time-critical parts on demand such as nasal swabs, face shields, respirators, and spares for ventilators. A structured search using online sources and feedback from key experts in the 3D printing area was applied to highlight critical issues and to suggest potential solutions. The prescribed outcomes were estimated in terms of cost and productivity at a small and large scale. This study analyzes the number and costs of parts that can be manufactured with a single machine within 24 h. It extrapolates this potential with the number of identical 3D printers in the world to estimate the global potential that can help practitioners, frontline workers, and those most vulnerable during the pandemic. It also proposes alternative 3D printing processes and materials that can be applicable. This new unregulated supply chain has also opened new questions concerning medical certification and Intellectual property rights (IPR). There is also a pressing need to develop new standards for 3D printing of medical parts for the current pandemic, and to ensure better national resilience.en
dc.description.versionPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.citationSalmi, M, Akmal, J S, Pei, E, Wolff, J, Jaribion, A & Haghighat Khajavi, S 2020, ' 3D Printing in COVID-19: Productivity Estimation of the Most Promising Open Source Solutions in Emergency Situations ', Applied Sciences, vol. 10, no. 11, 4004 . https://doi.org/10.3390/app10114004en
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 0f2526bb-f4d9-45ae-89b5-426cf42aa2a5en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/0f2526bb-f4d9-45ae-89b5-426cf42aa2a5en_US
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dc.identifier.otherPURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/43439895/3D_Printing_in_COVID_19_Productivity_Estimation_of_the_Most_Promising_Open_Source_Solutions_in_Emergency_Situations.pdfen_US
dc.publisherSpringer International Publishing AG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAPPLIED SCIENCESen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVolume 10, issue 11en
dc.subject.keywordadditive manufacturingen_US
dc.subject.keywordrapid manufacturingen_US
dc.subject.keyword3D printingen_US
dc.subject.keywordsupply chain disruptionen_US
dc.subject.keywordbridge manufacturingen_US
dc.title3D Printing in COVID-19: Productivity Estimation of the Most Promising Open Source Solutions in Emergency Situationsen
dc.typeA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessäfi