Extension of energy crops on surplus agricultural lands: A potentially viable option in developing countries while fossil fuel reserves are diminishing

dc.contributorAalto-yliopistofi
dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorRahman, Md. Mizanuren_US
dc.contributor.authorB.Mostafiz, Suraiyaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPaatero, Jukka V.en_US
dc.contributor.authorLahdelma, Ristoen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Energy Technologyen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Mechanical Engineeringen
dc.contributor.organizationUniversity of Helsinkien_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-16T09:39:22Z
dc.date.issued2014-01en_US
dc.description.abstractThe rapid depletion of fossil fuel reserves and environmental concerns with their combustion necessitate looking for alternative sources for long term sustainability of the world. These concerns also appear serious in developing countries who are striving for rapid economic growth. The net biomass growing potential on the global land surface is 10 times more than the global food, feed, fiber, and energy demands. This study investigates whether the developing countries have sufficient land resource to meet the projected energy demand towards 2035 by planting energy crops on surplus agricultural land after food and feed production. The annual yields of four commonly grown energy crops specifically jatropha, switchgrass, miscanthus, and willow have been used to make scenarios and estimate land requirements against each scenario. This paper first performs literature reviews on the availability of land resource, past and future trends in land use changes, demand of lands for food production, and potential expansion of croplands. The energy demands towards 2035 are compiled from energy scenarios derived by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the British Petroleum (BP). This paper also reviewed bio-physiological characteristics of these energy crops to determine whether they are cultivable under tropical climatic conditions in developing regions. This paper found that projected energy demand through 2035 in developing regions could be provided by energy crops grown on a portion of surplus croplands or upgraded grasslands (27% and 22% respectively for miscanthus scenario). Sustainable land management practices, improved agricultural productivity, and adopting suitable energy crops cultivation can potentially supply increasing energy demands.en
dc.description.versionPeer revieweden
dc.format.extent12
dc.format.extent108-119
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.identifier.citationRahman, M M, B.Mostafiz, S, Paatero, J V & Lahdelma, R 2014, ' Extension of energy crops on surplus agricultural lands: A potentially viable option in developing countries while fossil fuel reserves are diminishing ', Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 29, pp. 108-119 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.092en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.092en_US
dc.identifier.issn1364-0321
dc.identifier.issn1879-0690
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 258236f4-6c0e-48f4-83e9-da80efe3e14den_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/258236f4-6c0e-48f4-83e9-da80efe3e14den_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE LINK: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.08.092en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/7097892/2014_Rahman_Renew_Sust_Energ_Rev_postprint_Extension_of_energy_crops.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/21985
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:aalto-201609163867
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRENEWABLE AND SUSTAINABLE ENERGY REVIEWSen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVolume 29en
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.subject.keywordEnergycropen_US
dc.subject.keywordLand conversionen_US
dc.subject.keywordSurplus landen_US
dc.subject.keywordYield improvementen_US
dc.titleExtension of energy crops on surplus agricultural lands: A potentially viable option in developing countries while fossil fuel reserves are diminishingen
dc.typeA2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessäfi
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
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