Demonstrating the potential of iron-doped strontium titanate electrolyte with high-performance for low temperature ceramic fuel cells
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Renewable Energy, Volume 196
AbstractElectrolytes with high-proton conduction and low activation energy are attractive for reducing the high operating temperature of solid-oxide fuel cells to less than <600 °C. In this work, we have fabricated semiconducting electrolyte SrFeTiO3-δ (SFT) material exhibiting high ionic conduction and exceptionally high protonic conduction at low operating temperature but with low electronic conduction to evade the short-circuiting issue. The prepared fuel cell device exhibited high open-circuit voltage (OCV) and a high-power output of 534 mW/cm2, of which 474 mW/cm2 could be for sure be related to the protonic part. The current study suggests that usage of semiconductor SrFeTiO3-δ facilitates a high concentration of oxygen vacancies on the surface of SFT, which mainly benefits proton conduction. Moreover, lower grain boundary resistance leads to obtain higher performance. Also, the Schottky junction phenomena are proposed to inhibit the e-conduction and excel the ions transportation. The high performance and ionicconductivity suggest that SFT could be a promising electrolyte for protonic ceramic fuel cells.
Funding Information: This work was supported Southeast University (SEU) project 3203002003A1 and National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) under the grant 51772080 and 11604088 . Jiangsu Provincial Innovation and Entrepreneurship Talent program Project No. JSSCRC2021491 . Industry-University-Research Cooperation Project of Jiangsu Province in China , Grant No. BY2021057 . Dr. Asghar thanks the Hubei Talent 100 program and Academy of Finland ( 13329016 , 13322738 ) for their financial support. Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors
Ceramic fuel cell (CFC), Electrolyte, Higher fuel cell performance, Proton conducting, Schottky junction
Shah , M A K Y , Lu , Y , Mushtaq , N , Rauf , S , Yousaf , M , Asghar , M I , Lund , P D & Zhu , B 2022 , ' Demonstrating the potential of iron-doped strontium titanate electrolyte with high-performance for low temperature ceramic fuel cells ' , Renewable Energy , vol. 196 , pp. 901-911 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2022.06.154