The effect of de- and re-polymerization during heat-treatment on the mechanical behavior of Scots pine sapwood under quasi-static load

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2018-01-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
9
197-205
Series
Polymer Degradation and Stability, Volume 147
Abstract
Loss in strength and ductility is a major drawback for the heat-treatment of solid wood. Previous studies focused mainly on the de-polymerization of cell wall constituents as a cause and the importance of the preferential removal of hemicelluloses. This study tested the hypothesis that the mechanical behavior of wood is additionally affected by re-polymerization reactions within the cell wall matrix during heat-treatment. This was achieved by comparing changes in chemical composition, FT-IR spectra, and mechanical properties of Scots pine sapwood that was heat-treated in either dry state in superheated steam or in wet state using pressurized hot water. Although preferential de-polymerization of hemicelluloses was evident for both heat-treatment techniques, the analysis of the chemical composition and FT-IR spectroscopy indicated additional re-polymerization reactions within the cell wall matrix of dry heat-treated wood. The consequent formation of covalent bonds and cross-links increased the resistance against compression loads and hindered inelastic deformation during bending. This resulted in an additional reduction in bending strength and strain energy density of dry compared to wet heat-treated wood. Re-polymerization reactions during heat-treatments of wood in dry state were suggested as the main cause for the brittle failure under bending loads, while the effect of hemicellulose-removal on brittleness was much smaller than stated previously.
Description
Keywords
Chemical composition, FT-IR spectroscopy, Mechanical properties, Scanning electron microscopy, Thermal modification, Wood
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Citation
Altgen, M, Uimonen, T & Rautkari, L 2018, ' The effect of de- and re-polymerization during heat-treatment on the mechanical behavior of Scots pine sapwood under quasi-static load ', Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 147, pp. 197-205 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2017.12.007