Modeling the end-use performance of alternative fuels in light-duty vehicles

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2020-08-15
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
12
Series
Energy, Volume 205
Abstract
Present study investigates the end-use performance of alternative liquid fuels in the current fleet of unmodified light-duty vehicle (LDV) engines. Two mathematical models have been developed that represent the way that various fuel properties affect fuel consumption in spark-ignition (SI) and compression-ignition (CI) engines. Fuel consumption is represented by the results from the New European Driving Cycles (NEDC) in order to reflect the end-use impact. Data-driven black-box modeling and multilinear regression methods were applied to obtain both models. Additionally, quantitative analysis was performed to ensure the statistical significance of inputs (p-value below 5%). Fuel consumption (output) of various alternative fuels can be estimated with high accuracy (coefficient of determination above 0.96), knowing fuel properties (inputs) such as lower heating value, density, cetane/octane number, and oxygen content. The validation procedures confirmed the quality of predictions for both models with the averageerror being below 2.3%. The model performance for the examined fuels such as hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) and ethanol blends showed significant CO2 reduction with high accuracy. Moreover, both models could be used to estimate CO2 tailpipe emissions and are applicable to various liquid SI/CI fuels for LDV engines.
Description
| openaire: EC/H2020/764799/EU//ADVANCEFUEL
Keywords
CO emissions, End-use performance, Fuel consumption model, Light-duty vehicles, Renewable fuels, SI and CI fuel properties
Other note
Citation
Kroyan , Y , Wojcieszyk , M , Kaario , O , Larmi , M & Zenger , K 2020 , ' Modeling the end-use performance of alternative fuels in light-duty vehicles ' , Energy , vol. 205 , 117854 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2020.117854