Platinum recovery from Industrial Process Solutions by Electrodepo-sition-Redox Replacement

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Date
2018-09-20
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Language
en
Pages
14631–14640
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ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY AND ENGINEERING, Volume 6, issue 11
Abstract
In the current study, platinum - present as a negligible component (below 1 ppb, the detection limit of the HR-ICP-MS at the dilutions used) in real industrial hydrometallurgical process solutions was recovered by an electrodeposition − redox replacement (EDRR) method on pyrolysed carbon (PyC) electrode, a method not earlier applied to metal recovery. The recovery parameters of the EDRR process were initially investigated using a synthetic nickel electrolyte solution ([Ni] = 60 g/L, [Ag] = 10 ppm, [Pt] = 20 ppm, [H2SO4] = 10 g/L) and the results demonstrated an extraordinary increase of 3·105 in the [Pt]/[Ni] on the electrode surface cf. synthetic solution. EDRR recovery of platinum on PyC was also tested with two real industrial process solutions that contained a complex multi-metal solution matrix: Ni as the major component (>140 g/L) and very low contents of Pt, Pd and Ag (i.e. <1 ppb, 117 ppb and 4 ppb, respectively). The selectivity of Pt recovery by EDRR on the PyC electrode was found to be significant – nanoparticles deposited on the electrode surface comprised on average of 90 wt-% platinum and a [Pt]/[Ni] enrichment ratio of 1011 compared to the industrial hydrometallurgical solution. Furthermore, other precious metallic elements like Pd and Ag could also be enriched on the PyC electrode surface using the same methodology. This paper demonstrates a remarkable advancement in the recovery of trace amounts of platinum from real industrial solutions that are not currently considered as a source of Pt metal.
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Circular Economy, Critical Precious Metals, Electrochemistry, Green Chemistry, Electrochemically Assisted Cementation, Metals and Alloys, Materials Chemistry, Surfaces, Coatings and Films, Process Chemistry and Technology, 216 Materials engineering, 221 Nanotechnology, 116 Chemical sciences, 218 Environmental engineering, Metals, Industrial processes, Mining and minerals engineering
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Citation
Halli , P , Heikkinen , J , Elomaa , H , Wilson , B , Jokinen , V , Yliniemi , K , Franssila , S & Lundström , M 2018 , ' Platinum recovery from Industrial Process Solutions by Electrodepo-sition-Redox Replacement ' ACS SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY AND ENGINEERING , vol 6 , no. 11 , pp. 14631–14640 . DOI: 10.1021/ acssuschemeng.8b03224