A comparative assessment of air quality across European countries using an integrated decision support model

dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorTorkayesh, Ali Ebadien_US
dc.contributor.authorAlizadeh, Rezaen_US
dc.contributor.authorSoltanisehat, Leilien_US
dc.contributor.authorTorkayesh, Sajjad Ebadien_US
dc.contributor.authorLund, Peter D.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Applied Physicsen
dc.contributor.groupauthorNew Energy Technologiesen
dc.contributor.organizationSabanci Universityen_US
dc.contributor.organizationUniversity of Oklahomaen_US
dc.contributor.organizationIslamic Azad Universityen_US
dc.descriptionFunding Information: The European Union (EU) has been active in creating a cleaner society by controlling air pollutants within different sectors such as transportation [13] and industrial activities [14]. Air pollution control in the EU and tracking of emission commitments of its member states is administered by the European Environment Agency [15], supporting policies aiming at enhancing green economics, sustainable industries, high environmental development, sustainable and smart societies, and cleaner agricultural activities [16]. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 Elsevier Ltd
dc.description.abstractReducing air pollution including greenhouse gas emissions originating from extensive use of fossil fuels is critical for European countries aiming at improving their environment and at carbon neutrality by the middle of this century. To optimally reduce the air pollutants and mitigate the climate change, not only national or European Union level regulation need to be considered, but also international agreements such as the Sustainable Development Goals, Kyoto Protocol, and Paris Climate Agreement need to be included in these strategies. Managing such a complex framework would benefit from reliable multi-criteria decision-making approaches. Current models to enhance air quality often concentrate on one criterion at a time and focus on momentary improvements only, unable to offer longstanding enhancement. Therefore, comparative analysis of emissions of several air pollutants simultaneously is highly relevant empowering decision-makers with better tools for policy development. The focus of this study is on a decision support model based on the Best-Worst Method and the Measurement of Alternatives and Ranking According to Compromise Solution method to comparatively analyze air pollutants of 22 European countries. This study is the first in its kind to develop an integrated decision model for air quality assessment considering six air pollutants. Extensive sensitivity analyses were performed to highlight the impacts from different scenarios on the decision-making. The results indicate that Sweden, Latvia, France, Lithuania, Hungary, and Italy ranked as the top six countries with the lowest emission. However, Finland, Poland, the Czech Republic, Luxembourg, and Estonia had the lowest overall ranking and the highest per capita emissions. The proposed methodology and evaluation framework can provide a helpful tool for developing regional and national strategies to minimize air pollutants and to improve environmental sustainability.en
dc.description.versionPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.citationTorkayesh, A E, Alizadeh, R, Soltanisehat, L, Torkayesh, S E & Lund, P D 2022, ' A comparative assessment of air quality across European countries using an integrated decision support model ', Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, vol. 81, 101198 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seps.2021.101198en
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 3338ddbd-ac5b-45c6-9c7f-c3b9c296fe7fen_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/3338ddbd-ac5b-45c6-9c7f-c3b9c296fe7fen_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85120428738&partnerID=8YFLogxKen_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/76828683/SCI_Lund_A_Comparative_Assessment_of_Air_Quality_across_European_Countries_using_an_Integrated_Decision_Support_Model.pdfen_US
dc.publisherElsevier Limited
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSocio-Economic Planning Sciencesen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesarticlenumber 101198en
dc.subject.keywordAir pollutionen_US
dc.subject.keywordBest worst methoden_US
dc.subject.keywordGreenhouse gas emissionsen_US
dc.subject.keywordMulti-criteria decision-makingen_US
dc.subject.keywordSustainable developmenten_US
dc.titleA comparative assessment of air quality across European countries using an integrated decision support modelen
dc.typeA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessäfi