Energy, exergy and economic analysis of combined solar ORC-VCC power plant

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies, Volume 17
A renewable energy source, especially solar energy, is one of the best alternatives for power generation in rural areas. Organic Rankine cycle (ORC) can be powered by a low-grade energy source, suitable for small-scale power production in rural areas. This study investigates the combined power generation and cooling system using the combination of ORC and vapor compression cycle (VCC), where ORC is powered by a parabolic trough solar collector. Thermodynamic and economic simulation of the system is conducted for four different working fluids, which are R245fa, R114, R600 and R142b. It can be concluded that the thermal efficiency of the power plant increases by using the combined ORC-VCC system. The effect of thermodynamic parameters such as turbine inlet temperature and pressure on the system performance is also discussed, and the optimal design values are provided. The results show that the power plant uses R245fa as the minimum exergy destruction rate. The study indicates that R114 gives minimum cost function (PCEU) for 137°C turbine inlet temperature while the minimum PCEU for R142b is obtained at a turbine inlet pressure of 2500 kPa. Finally, the study indicates that the inlet pressure of the turbine has a significant impact on the system cost and thermal efficiency.
Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press.
ORCVCC, Parabolic trough collector, Organic fluids, Thermal efficiency
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Aryanfar , Y , Assad , M E H , Khosravi , A , Atiqure , R S M , Sharma , S , Alcaraz , J L G & Alayi , R 2022 , ' Energy, exergy and economic analysis of combined solar ORC-VCC power plant ' , International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies , vol. 17 , pp. 196-205 .