Application-Specific Catalyst Layers

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Date
2017-02-13
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Language
en
Pages
496-507
Series
ACS Omega, Volume 2
Abstract
Complete removal of metal catalyst particles from carbon nanofibers (CNFs) and other carbon nanostructures is extremely difficult, and the envisioned applications may be compromised by the left-over impurities. To circumvent these problems, one should use, wherever possible, such catalyst materials that are meant to remain in the structure and have some application-specific role, making any removal steps unnecessary. Thus, as a proof-of-concept, we present here a nanocarbon-based material platform for electrochemical hydrogen peroxide measurement utilizing a Pt catalyst layer to grow CNFs with intact Pt particles at the tips of the CNFs. Backed by careful scanning transmission electron microscopy analysis, we show that this material can be readily realized with the Pt catalyst layer thickness impacting the resulting structure and also present a growth model to explain the evolution of the different types of structures. In addition, we show by electrochemical analysis that the material exhibits characteristic features of Pt in cyclic voltammetry and it can detect very small amounts of hydrogen peroxide with very fast response times. Thus, the present sensor platform provides an interesting electrode material with potential for biomolecule detection and in fuel cells and batteries. In the wider range, we propose a new approach where the selection of catalytic particles used for carbon nanostructure growth is made so that (i) they do not need to be removed and (ii) they will have essential role in the final application.
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Laurila , T , Sainio , S , Jiang , H , Isoaho , N , Koehne , J , Etula , J , Koskinen , J & Meyyappan , M 2017 , ' Application-Specific Catalyst Layers : Pt-Containing Carbon Nanofibers for Hydrogen Peroxide Detection ' , ACS Omega , vol. 2 , no. 2 , pp. 496-507 . https://doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.6b00441