User Representations as a Design Resource: Achieving Accountable Design without Access to Users

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2021-05-15
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
21
25-45
Series
Science & Technology Studies, Volume 34, issue 2
Abstract
The study of how the understanding of usages and users is achieved and turned into the characteristics of products comprises ‘the sociology of user representation’ in Science and Technology Studies. Whilst the early research on the topic was foremost a critique of designers’ imposition of their imagination and preferences on prospective users, research has since discovered a richer research landscape by accomplishing the difficult task of anticipating the future contexts and identities of users. Our paper continues this line of work by examining a situation where first-hand access to users was blocked for human-centred design-oriented designers. Constructing an array of complementary user representations helped them to bridge the previously accumulated knowledge on users in their trade to the envisioned technology. The overlaps between the key user segment representations helped the design team to delineate an overall concept whilst the representations of specific usage details aided in the design of product features.
Description
Keywords
User representations, Design research, human-centred design
Other note
Citation
Savolainen, K & Hyysalo, S 2021, ' User Representations as a Design Resource : Achieving Accountable Design without Access to Users ', Science & Technology Studies, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 25-45 . https://doi.org/10.23987/STS.84598