Review of the use of solid wood as an external cladding material in the built environment

dc.contributorAalto-yliopistofi
dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorHill, Callumen_US
dc.contributor.authorKymäläinen, Maijaen_US
dc.contributor.authorRautkari, Laurien_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Bioproducts and Biosystemsen
dc.contributor.groupauthorWood Material Scienceen
dc.contributor.organizationJCH Industrial Ecology Limiteden_US
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-08T06:11:28Z
dc.date.available2022-06-08T06:11:28Z
dc.date.issued2022-05en_US
dc.descriptionPublisher Copyright: © 2022, The Author(s).
dc.description.abstractTimber cladding has been used since historical times as a locally available, affordable weather protection option. Nowadays, interest in timber cladding is again increasing because of ecological reasons as well as naturalistic viewpoints. This review presents a comprehensive report on timber cladding in a European context, beginning with a brief overview of the history before considering contemporary use of timber cladding for building envelopes. The basic principles of good design are considered, paying attention to timber orientation, fixings and environmental risk factors. The relationship of timber with moisture is discussed with respect to sorption behaviour, dimensional instability and design methods to minimise the negative consequences associated with wetting. The behaviour of timber cladding in fires, the effects of environmental stresses and weathering, as well as the cladding properties and the variation thereof with different types of wood and anatomical factors (including exposure of different timber faces), are examined. The review then moves on to considering different methods for protecting timber, such as the use of coatings, preservatives, fire retardants and wood modification. A brief discussion of various environmental considerations is also included, including life cycle assessment, embodied carbon and sequestered atmospheric carbon. The review finishes by making concluding remarks, providing a basis for the selection of appropriate cladding types for different environments.en
dc.description.versionPeer revieweden
dc.format.extent9031–9076
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.identifier.citationHill, C, Kymäläinen, M & Rautkari, L 2022, ' Review of the use of solid wood as an external cladding material in the built environment ', Journal of Materials Science, vol. 57, no. 20, pp. 9031–9076 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-022-07211-xen
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10853-022-07211-xen_US
dc.identifier.issn0022-2461
dc.identifier.issn1573-4803
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 28bc5901-3fd4-42c3-a771-05a5dcd958a8en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/28bc5901-3fd4-42c3-a771-05a5dcd958a8en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85129484968&partnerID=8YFLogxKen_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/83413585/CHEM_Hill_et_al_Review_of_the_use_of_solid_wood_2022_J_Mater_Sci.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/114747
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:aalto-202206083590
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSPRINGER
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Materials Scienceen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVolume 57, issue 20en
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.titleReview of the use of solid wood as an external cladding material in the built environmenten
dc.typeA2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessäfi
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
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