Profile of the oral microbiota from preconception to the third trimester of pregnancy and its association with oral hygiene practices

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Date
2022-03-20
Major/Subject
Mcode
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Language
en
Pages
11
1-11
Series
Journal of Oral Microbiology, Volume 14, issue 1
Abstract
Background: The oral microbiota plays vital roles in both oral and systemic health, but limited studies have explored the transition of the female oral microbiota from preconception to pregnancy along with pronounced hormonal fluctuations. Aim: To characterize the oral microbiota among women in preconception and pregnancy through a prospective study and to explore the associations between the oral microbiota and oral hygiene practices. Methods: A total of 202 unstimulated saliva samples were collected from 101 women in both preconception and late pregnancy. The oral microbiota was analyzed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Results: The Ace and phylogenetic diversity (PD) index were significantly lower in the third trimester than preconception. The pathogenic taxa Prevotella and Atopobium parvulum were significantly higher during late pregnancy than preconception. Women with overall better oral hygiene practice showed lower richness and diversity in preconception compared to women with poorer oral hygiene practice. The abundance of pathogens such as Dialister during both preconception and pregnancy decreased among women with better oral hygiene practice. Conclusions: The composition of the oral microbiota changed slightly from preconception to late pregnancy, with more pathogens in saliva samples during pregnancy. Improving oral hygiene practices has the potential to maintain oral micro-ecological balance.
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Keywords
Pregnancy, Microbiome, ORAL
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Citation
La , X , Jiang , H , Chen , A , Zheng , H , Shen , L , Chen , W , Yang , F , Zhang , L , Cai , X , Mao , H & Cheng , L 2022 , ' Profile of the oral microbiota from preconception to the third trimester of pregnancy and its association with oral hygiene practices ' , Journal of Oral Microbiology , vol. 14 , no. 1 , 2053389 , pp. 1-11 . https://doi.org/10.1080/20002297.2022.2053389