A method for assessing ship operability in dynamic ice for independent navigation and escort operations

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Ocean Engineering, Volume 225
Ships navigating in ice inevitably encounter different ice conditions. Dynamic ice typically presents severe conditions when it is moving perpendicular towards the parallel midship section, which can lead to ships getting stuck in ice. This can cause delays for ships or even damage to the ship hull. However, there currently is no model to assess ship operability in this dynamic ice. This paper aims to develop a method to assess operability of ships in dynamic ice conditions, which can be used for ship routing to avoid ship stuck. The method is especially useful for emergency response planning purposes, e.g. for marine pollution preparedness and response planning, where an understanding of the operability of response vessels in dynamic ice conditions currently is lacking. First, a transit model is introduced for both independent navigation and escort operations, considering the additional ice resistance by dynamic ice. Then, a ship operability index is proposed based on the modelling of ship's performance. Case studies of independent navigation and escort operations in realistic dynamic ice conditions are investigated to compare with the simulated results. Reasonable agreement is obtained, indicating that the proposed method can be used for ship operability assessment in dynamic ice.
Funding Information: The work received funding from SIMREC project (CBC 2014?2020), funded by the European Union, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Finland. The work also received funding from the Lloyd's Register Foundation, a charitable foundation, helping to protect life and property by supporting engineering-related education, public engagement and the application of research www.lrfoundation.org.uk. The contributions by the third author were undertaken in context of the project ?Safe Navigation and Environmental Protection?, thanks in part to funding from the Canada First Research Excellence Fund, through the Ocean Frontier Institute. The authors also thank Fang Li and Mikko Suominen for their valuable comments to the paper. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Author(s) Copyright: Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
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Lu, L, Kujala, P & Goerlandt, F 2021, ' A method for assessing ship operability in dynamic ice for independent navigation and escort operations ', Ocean Engineering, vol. 225, 108830 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2021.108830