Self-organized twist-heterostructures via aligned van der Waals epitaxy and solid-state transformations

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2019-12-01
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en
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9
1-9
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Nature Communications, Volume 10, issue 1
Abstract
Vertical van der Waals (vdW) heterostructures of 2D crystals with defined interlayer twist are of interest for band-structure engineering via twist moiré superlattice potentials. To date, twist-heterostructures have been realized by micromechanical stacking. Direct synthesis is hindered by the tendency toward equilibrium stacking without interlayer twist. Here, we demonstrate that growing a 2D crystal with fixed azimuthal alignment to the substrate followed by transformation of this intermediate enables a potentially scalable synthesis of twisted heterostructures. Microscopy during growth of ultrathin orthorhombic SnS on trigonal SnS2 shows that vdW epitaxy yields azimuthal order even for non-isotypic 2D crystals. Excess sulfur drives a spontaneous transformation of the few-layer SnS to SnS2, whose orientation – rotated 30° against the underlying SnS2 crystal – is defined by the SnS intermediate rather than the substrate. Preferential nucleation of additional SnS on such twisted domains repeats the process, promising the realization of complex twisted stacks by bottom-up synthesis.
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Sutter, P, Ibragimova, R, Komsa, H P, Parkinson, B A & Sutter, E 2019, ' Self-organized twist-heterostructures via aligned van der Waals epitaxy and solid-state transformations ', Nature Communications, vol. 10, no. 1, 5528, pp. 1-9 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13488-5