Analysis of viscous fluid flow in a pressure-swirl atomizer using large-eddy simulation

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2019-04-01
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Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
Series
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MULTIPHASE FLOW
Abstract
A computational fluid dynamics study is carried out on the inner nozzle flow and onset of liquid sheet instability in a large-scale pressure-swirl atomizer with asymmetric inflow configuration for high viscosity fluids. Large-eddy simulations (LES) of the two-phase flow indicate the unsteady flow character inside the nozzle and its influence on liquid sheet formation. A novel geometric volume-of-fluid (VOF) method by Roenby et al. (2016), termed isoAdvector, is applied for sharp interface capturing. We carry out a Reynolds number sweep (420 ≤ Re ≤ 5300) in order to investigate the link between the asymmetric inner nozzle flow and liquid sheet characteristics in laminar, transitional and fully turbulent conditions. Inside the nozzle, the numerical simulations reveal counter-rotating Dean vortices, flow impingement locations, and strong asymmetric flow features at all investigated Reynolds numbers. A helical, rotating gaseous core is observed when Re ≥ 1660. For laminar flow (Re=420), an S-shaped liquid film is observed, while the gas core presence at Re ≥ 1660 results in a hollow cone liquid sheet. For the intermediate value Re=830, the numerical simulations indicate a liquid sheet of mixed type. Consequences of the inflow asymmetry and Reynolds number to the uniformity of the injected liquid mass distribution and liquid sheet instability are pointed out.
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Keywords
Hollow cone spray, isoAdvector, Large-eddy simulation, LES, Pressure-swirl atomizer, Primary atomization, Two-phase flow, VOF, Volume-of-fluid method
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Citation
Laurila, E, Roenby, J, Maakala, V, Peltonen, P, Kahila, H & Vuorinen, V 2019, ' Analysis of viscous fluid flow in a pressure-swirl atomizer using large-eddy simulation ', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MULTIPHASE FLOW, vol. 113, pp. 371-388 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2018.10.008