When Is There a Sustainability Case for CSR? Pathways to Environmental and Social Performance Improvements

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2020-07-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
47
Series
Business and Society
Abstract
Little is known about when corporate social responsibility (CSR) leads to a sustainability case (i.e., to improvements in environmental and social performance). Building on various forms of decoupling, we develop a theoretical framework for examining pathways from institutional pressures through CSR management to sustainability performance. To empirically identify such pathways, we apply fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) to an extensive dataset from 19 large companies. We discover that different pathways are associated with environmental and social performance (non)improvements, and that pathways to success and failure are for the most part not symmetrical. We identify two pathways to improved environmental performance: an exogenous and an endogenous one. We find two pathways to improved social performance that both involve integrating social responsibility into the core business. Pathways to nonimprovements are multiple, suggesting that failure can occur in a number of ways, while there are only a few pathways to sustainability performance improvements.
Description
Keywords
corporate social performance, corporate social responsibility (CSR), environmental performance, QCA, sustainability
Other note
Citation
Halme , M , Rintamäki , J , Knudsen , J S , Lankoski , L & Kuisma , M 2020 , ' When Is There a Sustainability Case for CSR? Pathways to Environmental and Social Performance Improvements ' , Business and Society , vol. 59 , no. 6 , pp. 1181-1227 . https://doi.org/10.1177/0007650318755648