Situation Picture through Construction Information Management

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A3 Kirjan tai muun kokoomateoksen osa
Date
2019-05-09
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
155-161
Series
10th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization, Emerald Reach Proceedings Series, Volume 2
Abstract
Purpose Low productivity in construction is typically blamed on the seemingly complex and chaotic nature of construction, which emerges as the stakeholders do not have an adequate picture of the evolving situation. The ever-increasing volume of situation data owing to the recent advances in IoT devices and reality capture platforms provide a unique opportunity to capture the actual situation data of construction projects accurately at a fraction of the cost compared to manual status tracking and reporting. This paper aims to investigate the concept of a situation picture, challenges in collecting situation data and its benefits. Design/Methodology/Approach Empirical data is collected through interviews in California and Finland, and by organizing workshops. Findings We contribute to literature on managing operational information by defining the concept of a situation picture in the context of construction, specifically from the blue-collar’s perspective during on-site activities. We present the key components of a conceptual information model that represents a situation picture in construction. Research limitations/implications The applicability of conceptual information model of situation picture is not tested in practice, but the model will provide a starting point for research to comprehensively integrate social and digital information exchange for improving workflow. Practical implications The paper claims that designing and building comprehensive information management infrastructure would contribute to solving the problems of low productivity, quality and safety in construction projects. Originality/value Research on situation picture and situation awareness is scarce in the context of construction. The study links various information management technologies and practices to actual construction productivity.
Description
Keywords
Situation picture, situation awareness, common operational picture, Construction information management, Visual management, Data acquisition, Knowledge management, lean construction
Other note
Citation
Kärkkäinen , R , Lavikka , R , Seppänen , O & Peltokorpi , A 2019 , Situation Picture through Construction Information Management . in I Lill & E Witt (eds) , 10th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization . Emerald Reach Proceedings Series , vol. 2 , Emerald , pp. 155-161 , Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organisation , Tallinn , Estonia , 07/05/2019 . https://doi.org/10.1108/S2516-285320190000002028