Integrating Arid Areas in the Global Bioeconomy: Opportunities and Challenges toward Sustainable Biomass Generation and Management

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A2 Katsausartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, Volume 11, issue 33
Biosystems and bioprocesses are typically not connected to arid areas, where the produced biomass and its availability are low. There is however a large potential for arid areas to become major bioeconomical actors via more localized biomass generation strategies. Indoor farming, bioengineering, and aquaculture have a great potential to be at the center of this transition. They are expected to address important challenges associated with food and (bio)materials supply and, ultimately, to climate and environment. Specifically, the utilization of the by- and coproducts deriving from these strategies could synergistically connect into a range of circular processes toward sustainable bioproducts’ supply and the greening of arid areas. These topics are at the center of this perspective, where emerging biomass generation and management strategies in arid areas are introduced. The potential positive feedback loops between their coproducts are then put in relation with the development of more diverse and thriving biosystems as well as the generation of a range of bioproducts. These approaches are contextualized with the current and alternative energy sectors and water treatments processes, which have well-established economical portfolios across most arid areas. The mapping of innovative bioeconomical actors in arid areas and their synergistic interactions, as put forward herein aims to intensify research efforts toward a fully integrated and global sustainable bioeconomy.
Funding Information: B.L.T. is the recipient of the Khalifa University of Science and Technology (KUST) Faculty Startup Project (Project code: 84741140-FSU-2022-021). Financial support from the “2021 Euskampus Missions 1.0. Programme” granted by Euskampus Fundazioa and the University of the Basque Country (Convocatoria de ayudas a grupos de investigacion GIU21/010) is acknowledged. Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.
Biomass, Biomaterials, Biorefinery, Desertification, Green engineering, Sustainable processes, Upcycling, Valorization
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Tardy, B L, Greca, L G, Mihhels, K, Lizundia, E, Dumee, L F & Vega, L F 2023, ' Integrating Arid Areas in the Global Bioeconomy: Opportunities and Challenges toward Sustainable Biomass Generation and Management ', ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, vol. 11, no. 33, pp. 12177–12193 .