Immigration history, entry jobs and the labor market integration of immigrants

No Thumbnail Available
Access rights
openAccess
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-05-19
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
24
581–604
Series
JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY, Volume 22, issue 3
Abstract
This article studies the relationship between past immigration experiences of the host country and the way new immigrants enter the labor market. We focus on two countries-Finland and Sweden-that have similar formal institutions but starkly different immigration histories. In both countries, immigrants tend to find their first jobs in low-paying establishments, where the manager and colleagues share their ethnic background. The associations between background characteristics, time to a first job, other entry job characteristics, earnings dynamics, and job stability are also remarkably similar. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the host country's immigration history plays a limited role in shaping the integration process.
Description
Keywords
Immigration, labor market integration, ethnic segregation, entry jobs, WORKPLACE SEGREGATION, ETHNIC ENCLAVES, EARNINGS, ASSIMILATION, OUTCOMES, MIGRANTS, NETWORKS, NATIVES, RACE
Other note
Citation
Ansala, L, Aslund, O & Sarvimäki, M 2022, ' Immigration history, entry jobs and the labor market integration of immigrants ', JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 581–604 . https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbaa038