Self-sensing metallic material based on PZT particles produced by friction stir processing envisaging structural health monitoring applications

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-11
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
19
Series
Materials Characterization, Volume 205
Abstract
Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) of metal parts is becoming increasingly important in structural applications. However, embedding real-time sensors such as fibre Bragg gratings and piezoceramics can negatively impact the mechanical properties of the hosting metal part. To address this issue, a new Self-Sensing Material (SSM) based on lead zirconate titanate (PZT) micro-particles has been developed. Through Friction Stir Processing, PZT micro-particles were embedded in aluminium parts, and their impact on the metal parts electrical and mechanical properties was assessed. Another approach was to embed barium titanate (BT) micro-particles in metal parts. The impact of PZT particles in aluminium parts was compared to SSM based on BT particles in this study. The SSM based on PZT particles showed a higher sensitivity than the SSM based on BT particles and processed aluminium. The inclusion of PZT particles improved the mechanical strength and decreased the electrical conductivity of the aluminium parts. The SSM based on PZT particles had a sensibility of 18.0×10−4μV/MPa and could detect solicitations with different frequencies, with the best performance observed under low-frequency solicitations. Additionally, EBSD, EDS, XRD and XPS analysis confirmed the existence of the PZT particles in aluminium parts. These results are promising and guarantee an increase in sensorial properties and the ability to self-monitor metal parts.
Description
Funding Information: The PMF, MAM, MSC and CA acknowledge FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia for its financial support via the project UIDB/00667/2020 and UIDP/00667/2020 (UNIDEMI). PMF also acknowledges FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia for funding the PhD grant UI/BD/151055/2021. JD and JVP acknowledge national funds from FCT - Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P., in the scope of the projects LA/P/0037/2020, UIDP/50025/2020 and UIDB/50025/2020 of the Associate Laboratory Institute of Nanostructures, Nanomodelling and Nanofabrication – i3N. The authors would like also to thank to Micronsense-Metrologia Industrial (Leiria, Portugal) for the μCT analysis. Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Authors
Keywords
Friction stir processing, Lead Zirconate Titanate, Piezoelectric particles, Self-sensing materials, Structural health monitoring
Other note
Citation
Ferreira , P M , Machado , M A , Carvalho , M S , Vilaça , P , Sorger , G , Pinto , J V , Deuermeier , J & Vidal , C 2023 , ' Self-sensing metallic material based on PZT particles produced by friction stir processing envisaging structural health monitoring applications ' , Materials Characterization , vol. 205 , 113371 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matchar.2023.113371