Experimental determination and thermodynamic optimization of the CuCl–ZnCl2, ZnCl2–FeCl3, CuCl–FeCl3, CuCl–CuCl2, FeCl2–FeCl3, FeCl2–CuCl2 and CuCl–PbCl2 phase equilibria

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2019-12-01
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Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
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Series
Calphad: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry, Volume 67
Abstract
In copper flash smelting, flue dust causes corrosion problems in the heat recovery boiler of the gas train due to formation of dust accretions on the boiler walls. Within these, presence of heavy metal chlorides results in formation of molten salt deposits causing rapid corrosion. CuCl–ZnCl2, FeCl3–ZnCl2 and CuCl–FeCl3 systems were studied experimentally by equilibration-quenching, scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy in order to evaluate melting behaviour of these chlorides, typically present in the corrosive dust deposits. In addition, CuCl–PbCl2, CuCl–CuCl2, FeCl2–FeCl3 and CuCl2–FeCl2 phase diagrams were optimized incorporating and evaluating all available phase diagram and thermodynamic data on the systems. The modified quasi-chemical model was used to describe the thermodynamic properties of molten phases and compound energy formalism was used to model the terminal solid solutions. The calculated phase diagrams are presented and compared with experimental observations aswell as with all available phase diagram data from existing literature.
Description
Keywords
Chloride solutions, Equilibration-quenching method, Phase diagram, Thermodynamic modelling
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Citation
Viitala , H , Taskinen , P & Lindberg , D 2019 , ' Experimental determination and thermodynamic optimization of the CuCl–ZnCl 2 , ZnCl 2 –FeCl 3 , CuCl–FeCl 3 , CuCl–CuCl 2 , FeCl 2 –FeCl 3 , FeCl 2 –CuCl 2 and CuCl–PbCl 2 phase equilibria ' , Calphad: Computer Coupling of Phase Diagrams and Thermochemistry , vol. 67 , 101667 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2019.101667