Daily administered dual-light photodynamic therapy provides a sustained antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2021-10
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
14
Series
ANTIBIOTICS, Volume 10, issue 10
Abstract
New means to reduce excessive antibiotic use are urgently needed. This study tested dual-light aPDT against Staphylococcus aureus biofilm with different relative ratios of light energy with indocyanine green. We applied single-light aPDT (810 nm aPDT, 405 aBL) or dual-light aPDT (simultaneous 810 nm aPDT and 405 nm aBL), in both cases, together with the ICG photosensitizer with constant energy of 100 or 200 J/cm2. Single-dose light exposures were given after one-day, three-day, or six-day biofilm incubations. A repeated daily dose of identical light energy was applied during biofilm incubations for the three-and six-day biofilms. Using 100 J/cm2 light energy against the one-day biofilm, the dual-light aPDT consisting of more than half of aBL was the most effective. On a three-day maturated biofilm, single-dose exposure to aPDT or dual-light aPDT was more effective than aBL alone. With total light energy of 200 J/cm2, all dual-light treatments were effective. Dual-light aPDT improves the bactericidal effect onStaphylococcus aureus biofilm com-pared to aPDT or aBL and provides a sustained effect. An increase in the relative ratio of aBL strengthens the antibacterial effect, mainly when the treatment is repeatedly applied. Thus, the light components’ energy ratio is essential with dual-light.
Description
Funding Information: Funding: This research was supported by Instrumentarium Science Foundation. Koite Health Oy provided support in the form of salaries for author S.N. and provided the materials for the study (VAT-2918895-9). The specific roles of the authors are articulated in the Author Contributions section. The funders had no additional role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Funding Information: This research was supported by Instrumentarium Science Foundation. Koite Health Oy provided support in the form of salaries for author S.N. and provided the materials for the study (VAT-2918895-9). The specific roles of the authors are articulated in the Author Contributions section. The funders had no additional role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Publisher Copyright: © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Keywords
Antibacterial photodynamic therapy, Biofilm, Staphylococcus aureus
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Citation
Nikinmaa , S , Podonyi , A , Raivio , P , Meurman , J , Sorsa , T , Rantala , J , Kankuri , E , Tauriainen , T & Pätilä , T 2021 , ' Daily administered dual-light photodynamic therapy provides a sustained antibacterial effect on Staphylococcus aureus ' , Antibiotics , vol. 10 , no. 10 , 1240 . https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics10101240