Earth beyond six of nine planetary boundaries

dc.contributorAalto-yliopistofi
dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorRichardson, Katherineen_US
dc.contributor.authorSteffen, Willen_US
dc.contributor.authorLucht, Wolfgangen_US
dc.contributor.authorBendtsen, Jørgenen_US
dc.contributor.authorCornell, Sarah E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDonges, Jonathan F.en_US
dc.contributor.authorDrüke, Markusen_US
dc.contributor.authorFetzer, Ingoen_US
dc.contributor.authorBala, Govindasamyen_US
dc.contributor.authorvon Bloh, Werneren_US
dc.contributor.authorFeulner, Georgen_US
dc.contributor.authorFiedler, Stephanieen_US
dc.contributor.authorGerten, Dieteren_US
dc.contributor.authorGleeson, Tomen_US
dc.contributor.authorHofmann, Matthiasen_US
dc.contributor.authorHuiskamp, Willemen_US
dc.contributor.authorKummu, Mattien_US
dc.contributor.authorMohan, Chinchuen_US
dc.contributor.authorNogués-Bravo, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.authorPetri, Stefanen_US
dc.contributor.authorPorkka, Miinaen_US
dc.contributor.authorRahmstorf, Stefanen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchaphoff, Sibyllen_US
dc.contributor.authorThonicke, Kirstenen_US
dc.contributor.authorTobian, Arneen_US
dc.contributor.authorVirkki, Vilien_US
dc.contributor.authorWang-Erlandsson, Lanen_US
dc.contributor.authorWeber, Lisaen_US
dc.contributor.authorRockström, Johanen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Built Environmenten
dc.contributor.groupauthorWater and Environmental Eng.en
dc.contributor.organizationUniversity of Copenhagenen_US
dc.contributor.organizationAustralian National Universityen_US
dc.contributor.organizationPotsdam Institute for Climate Impact Researchen_US
dc.contributor.organizationStockholm Universityen_US
dc.contributor.organizationIndian Institute of Science Bangaloreen_US
dc.contributor.organizationKiel Universityen_US
dc.contributor.organizationUniversity of Victoriaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2023-10-04T06:09:32Z
dc.date.available2023-10-04T06:09:32Z
dc.date.issued2023-09-15en_US
dc.description| openaire: EC/H2020/819202/EU//SOS.aquaterra
dc.description.abstractThis planetary boundaries framework update finds that six of the nine boundaries are transgressed, suggesting that Earth is now well outside of the safe operating space for humanity. Ocean acidification is close to being breached, while aerosol loading regionally exceeds the boundary. Stratospheric ozone levels have slightly recovered. The transgression level has increased for all boundaries earlier identified as overstepped. As primary production drives Earth system biosphere functions, human appropriation of net primary production is proposed as a control variable for functional biosphere integrity. This boundary is also transgressed. Earth system modeling of different levels of the transgression of the climate and land system change boundaries illustrates that these anthropogenic impacts on Earth system must be considered in a systemic context.en
dc.description.versionPeer revieweden
dc.format.extent16
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen_US
dc.identifier.citationRichardson, K, Steffen, W, Lucht, W, Bendtsen, J, Cornell, S E, Donges, J F, Drüke, M, Fetzer, I, Bala, G, von Bloh, W, Feulner, G, Fiedler, S, Gerten, D, Gleeson, T, Hofmann, M, Huiskamp, W, Kummu, M, Mohan, C, Nogués-Bravo, D, Petri, S, Porkka, M, Rahmstorf, S, Schaphoff, S, Thonicke, K, Tobian, A, Virkki, V, Wang-Erlandsson, L, Weber, L & Rockström, J 2023, ' Earth beyond six of nine planetary boundaries ', Science Advances, vol. 9, no. 37, eadh2458 . https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.adh2458en
dc.identifier.doi10.1126/sciadv.adh2458en_US
dc.identifier.issn2375-2548
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 662ff3ea-44ca-466e-933e-2233b9609ac6en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE ITEMURL: https://research.aalto.fi/en/publications/662ff3ea-44ca-466e-933e-2233b9609ac6en_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE LINK: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85171235514&partnerID=8YFLogxKen_US
dc.identifier.otherPURE FILEURL: https://research.aalto.fi/files/122760379/sciadv.adh2458.pdfen_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/123805
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:aalto-202310046161
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/819202/EU//SOS.aquaterraen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScience Advancesen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVolume 9, issue 37en
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.titleEarth beyond six of nine planetary boundariesen
dc.typeA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessäfi
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
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