Predicting attitudinal and behavioral responses to COVID-19 pandemic using machine learning

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Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2022-07-05
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Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
Series
PNAS Nexus, Volume 1, issue 3
Abstract
At the beginning of 2020, COVID-19 became a global problem. Despite all the efforts to emphasize the relevance of preventive measures, not everyone adhered to them. Thus, learning more about the characteristics determining attitudinal and behavioral responses to the pandemic is crucial to improving future interventions. In this study, we applied machine learning on the multinational data collected by the International Collaboration on the Social and Moral Psychology of COVID-19 (N = 51,404) to test the predictive efficacy of constructs from social, moral, cognitive, and personality psychology, as well as socio-demographic factors, in the attitudinal and behavioral responses to the pandemic. The results point to several valuable insights. Internalized moral identity provided the most consistent predictive contribution—individuals perceiving moral traits as central to their self-concept reported higher adherence to preventive measures. Similar results were found for morality as cooperation, symbolized moral identity, self-control, open-mindedness, and collective narcissism, while the inverse relationship was evident for the endorsement of conspiracy theories. However, we also found a non-neglible variability in the explained variance and predictive contributions with respect to macro-level factors such as the pandemic stage or cultural region. Overall, the results underscore the importance of morality-related and contextual factors in understanding adherence to public health recommendations during the pandemic.
Description
pgac093
Keywords
COVID-19, social distancing, hygiene, policy support, public health measures
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Citation
Pavlović, T, Azevedo, F, De, K, Riaño-Moreno, J C, Maglić, M, Gkinopoulos, T, Donnelly-Kehoe, P A, Payán-Gómez, C, Huang, G, Kantorowicz, J, Birtel, M D, Schönegger, P, Capraro, V, Santamaría-García, H, Yucel, M, Ibanez, A, Rathje, S, Wetter, E, Stanojević, D, van Prooijen, J-W, Hesse, E, Elbaek, C T, Franc, R, Pavlović, Z, Mitkidis, P, Cichocka, A, Gelfand, M, Alfano, M, Ross, R M, Sjåstad, H, Nezlek, J B, Cislak, A, Lockwood, P, Abts, K, Agadullina, E, Amodio, D M, Apps, M A J, Aruta, J J B, Besharati, S, Bor, A, Choma, B, Cunningham, W, Ejaz, W, Farmer, H, Findor, A, Gjoneska, B, Gualda, E, Huynh, T L D, Imran, M A, Israelashvili, J, Kantorowicz-Reznichenko, E, Krouwel, A, Kutiyski, Y, Laakasuo, M, Lamm, C, Levy, J, Leygue, C, Lin, M-J, Mansoor, M S, Marie, A, Mayiwar, L, Mazepus, H, McHugh, C, Olsson, A, Otterbring, T, Packer, D, Palomäki, J, Perry, A, Petersen, M B, Puthillam, A, Rothmund, T, Schmid, P C, Stadelmann, D, Stoica, A, Stoyanov, D, Stoyanova, K, Tewari, S, Todosijević, B, Torgler, B, Tsakiris, M, Tung, H H, Umbreș, R G, Vanags, E, Vlasceanu, M, Vonasch, A J, Zhang, Y, Abad, M, Adler, E, Mdarhri, H A, Antazo, B, Ay, F C, Ba, M E H, Barbosa, S, Bastian, B, Berg, A, Białek, M, Bilancini, E, Bogatyreva, N, Boncinelli, L, Booth, J E, Borau, S, Buchel, O, de Carvalho, C F, Celadin, T, Cerami, C, Chalise, H N, Cheng, X, Cian, L, Cockcroft, K, Conway, J, Córdoba-Delgado, M A, Crespi, C, Crouzevialle, M, Cutler, J, Cypryańska, M, Dabrowska, J, Davis, V H, Minda, J P, Dayley, P N, Delouvée, S, Denkovski, O, Dezecache, G, Dhaliwal, N A, Diato, A, Di Paolo, R, Dulleck, U, Ekmanis, J, Etienne, T W, Farhana, H H, Farkhari, F, Fidanovski, K, Flew, T, Fraser, S, Frempong, R B, Fugelsang, J, Gale, J, García-Navarro, E B, Garladinne, P, Gray, K, Griffin, S M, Gronfeldt, B, Gruber, J, Halperin, E, Herzon, V, Hruška, M, Hudecek, M F C, Isler, O, Jangard, S, Jørgensen, F, Keudel, O, Koppel, L, Koverola, M, Kunnari, A, Leota, J, Lermer, E, Li, C, Longoni, C, McCashin, D, Mikloušić, I, Molina-Paredes, J, Monroy-Fonseca, C, Morales-Marente, E, Moreau, D, Muda, R, Myer, A, Nash, K, Nitschke, J P, Nurse, M S, de Mello, V O, Palacios-Galvez, M S, Pan, Y, Papp, Z, Pärnamets, P, Paruzel-Czachura, M, Perander, S, Pitman, M, Raza, A, Rêgo, G G, Robertson, C, Rodríguez-Pascual, I, Saikkonen, T, Salvador-Ginez, O, Sampaio, W M, Santi, G C, Schultner, D, Schutte, E, Scott, A, Skali, A, Stefaniak, A, Sternisko, A, Strickland, B, Thomas, J P, Tinghög, G, Traast, I J, Tucciarelli, R, Tyrala, M, Ungson, N D, Uysal, M S, Van Rooy, D, Västfjäll, D, Vieira, J B, von Sikorski, C, Walker, A C, Watermeyer, J, Willardt, R, Wohl, M J A, Wójcik, A D, Wu, K, Yamada, Y, Yilmaz, O, Yogeeswaran, K, Ziemer, C-T, Zwaan, R A, Boggio, P S, Whillans, A, Van Lange, P A M, Prasad, R, Onderco, M, O'Madagain, C, Nesh-Nash, T, Laguna, O M, Kubin, E, Gümren, M, Fenwick, A, Ertan, A S, Bernstein, M J, Amara, H & Van Bavel, J J 2022, ' Predicting attitudinal and behavioral responses to COVID-19 pandemic using machine learning ', PNAS Nexus, vol. 1, no. 3, pgac093 . https://doi.org/10.1093/pnasnexus/pgac093