Collective dynamics of pedestrians interacting with attractions

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
School of Engineering | A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2013
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
062810/1-6
Series
Volume 88, Issue 6, Physical Review E
Abstract
In order to investigate collective effects of interactions between pedestrians and attractions, this study extends the social force model. Such interactions lead pedestrians to form stable clusters around attractions, or even to rush into attractions if the interaction becomes stronger. It is also found that for high pedestrian density and intermediate interaction strength, some pedestrians rush into attractions while others move to neighboring attractions. These collective patterns of pedestrian movements or phases and transitions between them are systematically presented in a phase diagram. The results suggest that safe and efficient use of pedestrian areas can be achieved by moderating the pedestrian density and the strength of attractive interaction, for example, in order to avoid situations involving extreme desire for limited resources.
Description
Keywords
pedestrian, attraction
Other note
Citation
Kwak, Jaeyoung & Jo, Hang-Hyun & Luttinen, Tapio & Kosonen, Iisakki. 2013. Collective dynamics of pedestrians interacting with attractions. Physical Review E. Volume 88, Issue 6. 062810/1-6. ISSN 1539-3755. DOI: 10.1103/physreve.88.062810.