Deciding on the robotic process automation operating model: A checklist for RPA managers

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-01-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
13
109-121
Series
Business Horizons, Volume 66, issue 1
Abstract
Robotic process automation (RPA) has emerged as a technology promising various quick wins: fast deployment, immediate efficiency gains, and low investment requirements. While these promises have resulted in large-scale deployment of RPA in diverse industries, the choice of operating model remains tricky. This article identifies three key decisions for RPA managers: (1) the who decision, pertaining to selection of internal versus external resources for RPA development; (2) the how decision, on whether the organization will pursue RPA deployment on-premises or through the cloud; and (3) the what decision, on whether to employ proprietary RPA tools or an open-source solution. To shed light on how these decisions are made and to pinpoint their interdependencies, seven organizations’ choices connected with these three decisions are presented. The study's main contribution is a decision checklist that can facilitate RPA managers’ navigation of the decision-making process, their gathering of relevant information, and their choice of the model best matching the organization's needs.
Description
Keywords
Robotic process automation (RPA), Operating model, Organizational deployment, Sourcing, Cloud
Other note
Citation
Asatiani, A, Copeland, O & Penttinen, E 2023, ' Deciding on the robotic process automation operating model: A checklist for RPA managers ', Business Horizons, vol. 66, no. 1, pp. 109-121 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bushor.2022.03.004