Nitrogen Doping of Amorphous Carbon Surfaces

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© 1999 American Physical Society (APS). This is the accepted version of the following article: Kaukonen, M. & Nieminen, Risto M. & Pöykkö, S. & Seitsonen, Ari P. 1999. Nitrogen Doping of Amorphous Carbon Surfaces. Physical Review Letters. Volume 83, Issue 25. 5346-5349. ISSN 0031-9007 (printed). DOI: 10.1103/physrevlett.83.5346, which has been published in final form at http://journals.aps.org/prl/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.5346.
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
School of Science | A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
1999
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
5346-5349
Series
Physical Review Letters, Volume 83, Issue 25
Abstract
The surface properties of amorphous carbon ( a−C) are studied using first-principles electronic structure methods. The effect of nitrogen doping near the surface and, in particular, the effect of nitrogen on the work function is studied by doing a series of nitrogen substitutions near the surface. It is found that the work function is reduced by nitrogen doping of the a−C surface at “on top of the surface” sp1 and sp2 sites. Nitrogen doping by low energy ion bombardment is suggested as a doping method to minimize work function of the a−C surfaces.
Description
Keywords
amorphous carbon, surface properties, nitrogen doping
Other note
Citation
Kaukonen, M. & Nieminen, Risto M. & Pöykkö, S. & Seitsonen, Ari P. 1999. Nitrogen Doping of Amorphous Carbon Surfaces. Physical Review Letters. Volume 83, Issue 25. 5346-5349. ISSN 0031-9007 (printed). DOI: 10.1103/physrevlett.83.5346.