Advancing design criteria for energy and environmental performance of buildings

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School of Engineering | Doctoral thesis (article-based) | Defence date: 2018-08-10
Degree programme
53 + app. 102
Aalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS, 142/2018, VTT Science, 182
Globally, buildings are responsible for 18% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and 40% of energy consumption. The European Union’s climate and energy policy framework for 2020 and 2030 requires reducing GHG emissions by 40%, increasing the level of energy savings by 25%, and increasing the share of renewable energy by at least 30% relative to 1990. The environmental and energy performance criteria for buildings will continually evolve to meet the aforementioned decarbonisation goals. Consequently, buildings will have an increased number of variables and alternatives that are to be evaluated for their performance, indicating increased complexity for building designers. The prospect of evaluating multiple building performance criteria necessitates integrated designing and planning tools, such as the use of Building Information Model (BIM), Building Performance Simulations (BPS), and methodologies for comparing and optimizing alternative design options. This dissertation presents new insights on advancing the design criteria for the energy and environmental performance of commercial and residential buildings. Specially, the four associated journal publications demonstrate how building designers and the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry can integrate embodied GHG analysis, comprehensive BIM tools in conjunction with BPS analyses, and stochastic assessment of public perceptions to work towards buildings that are more energy-efficient, generate energy on-site, and have a smaller carbon footprint. Through comprehensive literature reviews, this dissertation outlines future research directions for BIM-based, iterative multi-criteria assessment for energy and environmental performance of buildings.
Supervising professor
Lahdelma, Risto, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Finland
Thesis advisor
Airaksinen, Miimu, Dr., Finnish Association of Civil Engineers, Finland
energy performance, building performance simulation, nnvironmental performance, embodied GHG, BIM, design, renewable energy technologies, social acceptance
Other note
  • [Publication 1]: Nusrat Jung, Tarja Häkkinen, Mirkka Rekola. Extending Capabilities of BIM to Support Performance Based Design. Journal of Information Technology in Construction (ITcon), Volume 23, Pages 16-52, 2018b.
  • [Publication 2]: Tarja Häkkinen, Matti Kuittinen, Antti Ruuska, Nusrat Jung. Reducing Embodied Carbon during the Design Process of Buildings. Journal of Building Engineering. Elsevier B.V., Volume 4, Pages 1-13, 2015.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2015.06.005 View at publisher
  • [Publication 3]: Nusrat Jung, Satu Paiho, Jari Shemeikka, Risto Lahdelma, Miimu Airaksinen. Energy Performance Analysis of an Office Building in Three Climate Zones. Energy and Buildings. Elsevier B.V., Volume 158, Pages 1023-1035, 2018 a.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enbuild.2017.10.030 View at publisher
  • [Publication 4]: Nusrat Jung, Munjur E. Moula, Tingting Fang, Mohamed Hamdy, Risto Lahdelma. Social Acceptance of Renewable Energy Technologies for Buildings in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area of Finland. Renewable Energy. Elsevier B.V., Volume 99, Pages 813-824, 2016.
    DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2016.07.006 View at publisher