Motivational intensity and visual word search

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Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2019-01-01
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Language
en
Pages
1-36
Series
PloS one, Volume 14, issue 7
Abstract
Motivational intensity has been previously linked to information processing. In particular, it has been argued that affects which are high in motivational intensity tend to narrow cognitive scope. A similar effect has been attributed to negative affect, which has been linked to narrowing of cognitive scope. In this paper, we investigated how these phenomena manifest themselves during visual word search. We conducted three studies in which participants were instructed to perform word category identification. We manipulated motivational intensity by controlling reward expectations and affect via reward outcomes. Importantly, we altered visual search paradigms, assessing the effects of affective manipulations as modulated by information arrangement. We recorded multiple physiological signals (EEG, EDA, ECG and eye tracking) to assess whether motivational states can be predicted by physiology. Across the three studies, we found that high motivational intensity narrowed visual attentional scope by altering visual search strategies, especially when information was displayed sparsely. Instead, when information was vertically listed, approach-directed motivational intensity appeared to improve memory encoding. We also observed that physiology, in particular eye tracking, may be used to detect biases induced by motivational intensity, especially when information is sparsely organised.
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Citation
Filetti , M , Barral , O , Jacucci , G & Ravaja , N 2019 , ' Motivational intensity and visual word search : Layout matters ' , PloS one , vol. 14 , no. 7 , e0218926 , pp. 1-36 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0218926