Versatile Assembly of Metal–Phenolic Network Foams Enabled by Tannin–Cellulose Nanofibers

No Thumbnail Available
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-03-23
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
Series
Advanced Materials, articlenumber 2209685
Abstract
Metal–phenolic network (MPN) foams are prepared using colloidal suspensions of tannin-containing cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) that are ice-templated and thawed in ethanolic media in the presence of metal nitrates. The MPN facilitates the formation of solid foams by air drying, given the strength and self-supporting nature of the obtained tannin–cellulose nanohybrid structures. The porous characteristics and (dry and wet) compression strength of the foams are rationalized by the development of secondary, cohesive metal-phenolic layers combined with a hydrogen bonding network involving the CNF. The shrinkage of the MPN foams is as low as 6% for samples prepared with 2.5–10% tannic acid (or condensed tannin at 2.5%) with respect to CNF content. The strength of the MPN foams reaches a maximum at 10% tannic acid (using Fe(III) ions), equivalent to a compressive strength 70% higher than that produced with tannin-free CNF foams. Overall, a straightforward framework is introduced to synthesize MPN foams whose physical and mechanical properties are tailored by the presence of tannins as well as the metal ion species that enable the metal–phenolic networking. Depending on the metal ion, the foams are amenable to modification according to the desired application.
Description
| openaire: EC/H2020/788489/EU//BioELCell Funding Information: The authors acknowledge funding support from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (Grant Agreement No. 788489, “BioElCell”); the Canada Excellence Research Chair Program (Grant No. CERC‐2018‐00006); the FAPERGS (Research Support Foundation of the State of RS), Process Number: 21/2551‐0000603‐0; the Canada Foundation for Innovation (Project No. 38623); and the São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP, Grant No. 2021/12071‐6). The authors also appreciate the support of the Academy of Finland Bioeconomy Flagship, FinnCERES Materials Cluster. Publisher Copyright: © 2023 Wiley-VCH GmbH.
Keywords
cellulose nanofibers, in situ freeze–thawing–drying, metal–phenolic coordination, solid foams
Other note
Citation
Mattos, B D, Zhu, Y, Tardy, B L, Beaumont, M, Ribeiro, A C R, Missio, A L, Otoni, C G & Rojas, O J 2023, ' Versatile Assembly of Metal–Phenolic Network Foams Enabled by Tannin–Cellulose Nanofibers ', Advanced Materials, vol. 35, no. 12, 2209685 . https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202209685