CVD nanocrystalline multilayer graphene coated 3D-printed alumina lattices

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-01-15
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
11
36-46
Series
Carbon, Volume 202, issue Part 2
Abstract
3D printing technologies have expanded the possibilities of fabricating new composite materials with tailored properties, which depend on both the materials selected and the structural design at multiple length scales. Here, a catalyst-free CVD method has been used to produce hybrid materials based on 3D printed cellular α-Al2O3 substrates decorated by either nanocrystalline graphene or nanocrystalline graphitic films of tunable number of layers. Graphene-based coatings of variable thickness and crystallinity have been controlled by the alteration of the parameters of CVD processing, performed under CH4/H2 flux. Transmission electron microscopy has confirmed the effective growth of nanocrystalline graphene layers on the scaffolds due to the penetration of CVD gases into the open pores. The fully-connected and highly conductive 3D pathways have displayed a room temperature electrical conductivity in the range of 101–103 S m−1. Furthermore, the thermal conductivity has also increased by 50% for the specimen decorated with a 20 nm thick graphitic coating as compared to a bare 3D ceramic scaffold. The developed structures open up new possibilities for expanding the field of application of graphene/ceramic composites for conditions requiring dielectric substrates of various shapes coated with conductive films or graphene-based catalytic supports with good structural stability.
Description
Funding Information: This work was supported by the Spanish Government through RTI2018-095052-B-I00, PID2020-120562RJ-I00 (MICINN/AEI/FEDER,UE) and EIN2020-112153 (MCINN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033, supported by the European Union through “NextGenerationEU/PRTR”) projects, as well as the Estonian Research Council under the personal grant PRG643 (I. Hussainova). The thermal transport measurement is performed using RawMatters Finland infrastructure (RAMI) facilities at Aalto University, Finland. EELS measurement was performed in the ICTS-CNME at Universidad Complutense, Spain.
Keywords
3D graphene network, Alumina, CVD graphene, Direct ink writing, Electrical conductivity, Nanocrystalline graphene, Thermal conductivity
Other note
Citation
Ramírez, C, Saffar Shamshirgar, A, Pérez-Coll, D, Osendi, M I, Miranzo, P, Tewari, G C, Karppinen, M, Hussainova, I & Belmonte, M 2023, ' CVD nanocrystalline multilayer graphene coated 3D-printed alumina lattices ', Carbon, vol. 202, no. Part 2, pp. 36-46 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2022.10.085