Reflection in Learning through a Self-monitoring Device

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Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Date
2017-04-05
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Mcode
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Language
en
Pages
11
10-20
Series
DESIGNS FOR LEARNING, Volume 1, issue 9
Abstract
The increasing availability of self-monitoring technologies has created opportunities for gaining awareness about one’s own behavior and reflecting on it. In teaching and learning, there is interest in using self-monitoring technologies, but very few studies have explored the possibilities. In this paper, we present a design study that investigates a technology (called Feeler) that guides students to follow a specific learning script, monitors changes in their electroencephalogram (EEG) while studying, and later provides visualization of the EEG data. The results are two-fold: (1) the hardware/software prototype and (2) the conclusions from the proof-of-concept research conducted with the prototype and six participants. In the research, we collected qualitative data from interviews to identify whether the prototype supported students to develop their reflective skills. The thematic analysis of the interviews showed that the Feeler’s learning script and visualization of the EEG data supported greater levels ofreflection by fostering students’ curiosity, puzzlement, and personal inquiry. The proof-of-concept research also provided insights into several factors, such as the value of personal experience, the challenge of assumptions, and the contextualization of the data that trigger reflective thinking. The results validate the design concept and the role of the prototype in supporting awareness of and reflection about students’ mental states when they perform academic tasks.
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Keywords
reflection, awareness, design, self-monitoring, technology-enhanced learning
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Citation
Durall , E , Leinonen , T , Gros , B & Rodriguez-Kaarto , T 2017 , ' Reflection in Learning through a Self-monitoring Device : Design Research on EEG Self-Monitoring during a Study Session ' , Designs for Learning , vol. 1 , no. 9 , pp. 10-20 . https://doi.org/10.16993/dfl.75