A Methodological Study on the Design Defending Baffles Based on Mangrove Bionics

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Buildings, Volume 13, issue 2
In terms of the failure of giving considerations to both aesthetic ornamental and low-carbon function for the current disaster prevention and mitigation engineering. This study proposes the debris-disaster prevention baffles applicable to natural scenic areas which designed based on mangroves properties, to solve this problem by adopting bionic design method. The research methodology is as follows: (1) To propose a Six Elements and Ten Steps Design Method for extracting the critical bionic elements of mangrove plants that contributes to the prevention of winds and waves. (2) To construct a decision objective model based on the Analytic Hierarchy Process method (AHP). Prioritize the critical bionic design elements and build a geometric structure model. (3) To compare the disaster mitigation performance through numerical simulations, and thus select an optimal one for further studies. (4) To design the final disaster prevention product based on the above theoretical guidance, low-carbon concept, efficient protection orientation, and environment-friendly principles. This study indicates that the use of bionic design satisfies aesthetic ornamental, and low-carbon demands. The appliance of AHP avoids subjective one-sidedness in design process when considering the priority of bionic elements. The numerical simulation experiments adopted in this study aim to compare the blocking effect of different baffle models and achieve the optimization the performance in disaster prevention of traditional baffle groups. In this study, the bionic product design methodology is adopted for baffle design to solve existing aesthetic and environmental problems. The particle accumulation mass after the new baffles can be effectively reduced by 2–3 times compared to the traditional baffles. Furthermore, the new baffle is more aesthetically pleasing than the traditional ones.
Funding Information: This research is funded by the State Key Laboratory of Geohazard Prevention and Geoenvironment Protection Independent Research Project (SKLGP2021Z001), Transportation Technology Project of Sichuan Province (2021-A-04), Scientific Research Foundation of Graduate School of Southeast University (Grant No. YBJJ 1844), Postgraduate Research & Practice Innovation Program of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. KYCX17_0130), CAS Original Innovation Program (Grant No. ZDBS-LY-DQC039). Publisher Copyright: © 2023 by the authors.
bionics, disaster prevention and mitigation, discrete element method, mangroves, product design
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Bi , Y Z , Wang , X Y , Wang , D P , Li , Z F , Lovati , M & Zhang , B 2023 , ' A Methodological Study on the Design Defending Baffles Based on Mangrove Bionics ' , Buildings , vol. 13 , no. 2 , 310 . https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings13020310