A hybrid decentralized stochastic-robust model for optimal coordination of electric vehicle aggregator and energy hub entities

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2021-12-15
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
13
Series
Applied Energy, Volume 304
Abstract
Electric vehicle aggregator (EVAGG) is an independent entity that facilitates exchanging electricity between electric vehicles (EVs) and the grid. Energy hub (EH) is another independent entity playing a remarkable role in enhancing the efficiency, flexibility, and reliability of multi-energy systems. Although interacting between various agents is beneficial to enhance their capability, it is challenging to schedule such interconnected entities. In this paper, EVAGG and EH, as independent entities, are scheduled independently and only exchange the information of electrical energy. The EVAGG scheduling is a function of EV owners’ driving patterns, including EVs’ arrival and departure times and the initial state of charge. Besides, both the EVAGG and EH operations are affected by the uncertainty of the locational marginal prices. Hence, this paper proposes a hybrid decentralized robust optimization-stochastic programming (DRO-SP) model based on the alternating direction method of multipliers to coordinate the management of entities. Stochastic programming is used to model the uncertainties of the EVs patterns, while the uncertainties of the locational marginal prices are modeled via robust optimization to grasp the worst-case realization. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed hybrid DRO-SP in terms of economic scheduling the entities while guaranteeing information privacy between entities.
Description
Funding Information: Arsalan Najafi would like to acknowledge the support by Polish National Agency for Academic Exchange for the grant No. PPN/ULM/2020/1/00196 . Publisher Copyright: © 2021 The Authors
Keywords
Aggregator, Alternating direction method of multipliers, Electric vehicle, Energy hub, Robust optimization, Stochastic programming
Other note
Citation
Najafi, A, Pourakbari-Kasmaei, M, Jasinski, M, Lehtonen, M & Leonowicz, Z 2021, ' A hybrid decentralized stochastic-robust model for optimal coordination of electric vehicle aggregator and energy hub entities ', Applied Energy, vol. 304, 117708 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2021.117708