Majorana STM as a perfect detector of odd-frequency superconductivity

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Date
2017-05-24
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
9
1-9
Series
PHYSICAL REVIEW B, Volume 95, issue 17
Abstract
We propose a novel scanning tunneling microscope (STM) device in which the tunneling tip is formed by a Majorana bound state (MBS). This peculiar bound state emerges at the boundary of a one-dimensional topological superconductor. Since the MBS has to be effectively spinless and local, we argue that it is the smallest unit that shows itself the properties of odd-frequency superconducting pairing. Odd-frequency superconductivity is characterized by an anomalous Green's function, which is an odd function of the time arguments of the two electrons building the Cooper pair. Interestingly, our Majorana STM can be used as the perfect detector of odd-frequency superconductivity. The reason is that a supercurrent between the Majorana STM and any other superconductor can only flow if the latter system exhibits itself odd-frequency pairing. To illustrate our general idea, we consider the tunneling problem of the Majorana STM coupled to a quantum dot placed on a surface of a conventional superconductor.
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Keywords
FERROMAGNET STRUCTURES, TIME-REVERSAL, FERMIONS, PHYSICS, PARITY, MODEL
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Citation
Kashuba , O , Sothmann , B , Burset Atienza , P & Trauzettel , B 2017 , ' Majorana STM as a perfect detector of odd-frequency superconductivity ' , Physical Review B , vol. 95 , no. 17 , 174516 , pp. 1-9 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.174516