High performance ceramic nanocomposite fuel cells utilizing LiNiCuZn-oxide anode based on slurry method

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2018-07
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
12797-12802
Series
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 43, issue 28
Abstract
A multi-oxide material LiNiCuZn-oxide was prepared through a slurry method as an anode for ceramic nanocomposite fuel cell (CNFC). The CNFCs using this anode material, LSCF as cathode material and a composite electrolyte consisting of CaSm co-doped CeO2 and (NaLiK)2CO3 produced ∼1.03 W/cm2 at 550 °C due to efficient reaction kinetics at the electrodes and high ionic transport in the nanocomposite electrolyte. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy revealed low ionic transport losses (0.238 Ω cm2) and low polarization losses (0.124 Ω cm2) at the electrodes. The SEM measurements revealed the porous microstructures of the composite materials at electrode and the dense mixture of CaSm co-doped CeO2 and (NaLiK)2CO3. The Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) analysis revealed high surface areas, 4.1 m2/g and 3.8 m2/g, of the anode and cathode respectively. This study provides a promising material for high performance CNFCs.
Description
Keywords
Ceramic, Conductivity, Fuel cell, Multi-oxide, Nanocomposite, Synthesis
Other note
Citation
Asghar , M I , Jouttijärvi , S & Lund , P D 2018 , ' High performance ceramic nanocomposite fuel cells utilizing LiNiCuZn-oxide anode based on slurry method ' , International Journal of Hydrogen Energy , vol. 43 , no. 28 , pp. 12797-12802 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.232