Software product lines and variability modeling: A tertiary study

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2019-03-01
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
26
485-510
Series
Journal of Systems and Software, Volume 149
Abstract
Context: A software product line is a means to develop a set of products in which variability is a central phenomenon captured in variability models. The field of SPLs and variability have been topics of extensive research over the few past decades. Objective: This research characterizes systematic reviews (SRs) in the field, studies how SRs analyze and use evidence-based results, and identifies how variability is modeled. Method: We conducted a tertiary study as a form of systematic review. Results: 86 SRs were included. SRs have become a widely adopted methodology covering the field broadly otherwise except for variability realization. Numerous variability models exist that cover different development artifacts, but the evidence is insufficient in quantity and immature, and we argue for better evidence. SRs perform well in searching and selecting studies and presenting data. However, their analysis and use of the quality of and evidence in the primary studies often remains shallow, merely presenting of what kinds of evidence exist. Conclusions: There is a need for actionable, context-sensitive, and evaluated solutions rather than novel ones. Different kinds of SRs (SLRs and Maps) need to be better distinguished, and evidence and quality need to be better used in the resulting syntheses.
Description
| openaire: EC/H2020/732463/EU//OpenReq
Keywords
Mapping study, Software product line, Systematic literature review, Tertiary study, Variability, Variability modeling
Other note
Citation
Raatikainen, M, Tiihonen, J & Männistö, T 2019, ' Software product lines and variability modeling : A tertiary study ', Journal of Systems and Software, vol. 149, pp. 485-510 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2018.12.027