Associations between acceptance of the implausible bias, theory of mind and delusions in first-episode psychosis patients; A longitudinal study

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-04
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
8
27-34
Series
Schizophrenia Research, Volume 254
Abstract
Multiple different cognitive biases, among them the liberal acceptance (LA) bias, have been suggested to contribute to reality distortion in psychotic disorders. Earlier studies have been cross-sectional and considered a limited set of cognitive correlates of psychosis, thus the relationship between LA bias and psychosis remains poorly known. We studied a similar bias (acceptance of the implausible (AOI)) in 62 first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients and 62 control subjects, who watched movie scenes with varying degrees of realism and were asked to evaluate the probability of these events occurring in real life. We assessed theory of mind (ToM) performance using the Hinting task and delusion severity using Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale item 11. We correlated the magnitude of AOI with the severity of delusions and performance in the ToM task. Furthermore, we used 1-year follow-up data from 40 FEP patients and 40 control subjects to disentangle state vs trait-like characteristics of AOI. At baseline FEP patients expressed more AOI than control subjects, and the magnitude of AOI correlated positively with the severity of delusions and negatively with ToM performance. At the one-year follow-up, when most patients were in remission, patients still displayed increased AOI, which no longer correlated with delusions. These findings support the notion that the AOI bias could represent a trait rather than a state feature and support further studies to test the hypothesis that it could be one of the causal factors of psychotic disorders, possibly associated with ToM.
Description
Funding Information: This work was supported by the Sigrid Jusélius Foundation (J.S.), the Finnish Cultural Foundation (J.S.), the Medical Society of Finland (J.M.P.), the Academy of Finland (grants # 278171 and # 323035 to J.S. and # 315861 to T.T.R.), the Finnish Medical Foundation (J.M.P. and T.T.R.), state funding for university-level health research ( Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa # TYH2013332 , # TYH2014228 , # TYH2017128 to T.K.), and the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme for project METSY (# 602478 to J.S.).
Keywords
Cognitive bias, Schizophrenia, Social cognition, Theory of mind
Other note
Citation
Panula, J M, Lindgren, M, Kieseppä, T, Suvisaari, J & Raij, T T 2023, ' Associations between acceptance of the implausible bias, theory of mind and delusions in first-episode psychosis patients; A longitudinal study ', Schizophrenia Research, vol. 254, pp. 27-34 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2023.02.001