Lee-Yang theory and large deviation statistics of interacting many-body systems

dc.contributorAalto-yliopistofi
dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorDeger, Aydin
dc.contributor.departmentTeknillisen fysiikan laitosfi
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Applied Physicsen
dc.contributor.labQuantum Transport Groupen
dc.contributor.schoolPerustieteiden korkeakoulufi
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Scienceen
dc.contributor.supervisorFlindt, Christian, Prof., Aalto University, Department of Applied Physics, Finland
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-23T13:15:59Z
dc.date.available2020-11-23T13:15:59Z
dc.date.defence2020-12-14
dc.date.issued2020
dc.description.abstractThe collective behavior of large numbers of interacting particles may give rise to a phase transition. A continuing challenge is to identify the underlying principles of this phenomenon emerging in many important systems in nature and characterize the critical behavior of interacting many-body systems. In this thesis, we present a theoretical and methodological framework for predicting the phase properties of a macroscopic system based on the behavior of just a few of its constituents. To this end, we devise a direct pathway from the detection of partition function zeros by measuring or simulating fluctuating observables in systems of finite size to the characterization of criticality and large deviation statistics in interacting many-body systems. Our approach combines ideas and concepts from the finite-size scaling analysis with the Lee-Yang formalism and theories of high cumulants and large deviations, and it can be applied in a wide range of critical systems from physics, chemistry, and biology, both in theory and experiment. The thesis consists of four publications. In publications I and II, we report a novel method that makes it possible to extract the partition function zeros in interacting many-body systems of finite size solely from the fluctuations of thermodynamic observables without any prior knowledge of the partition function. To illustrate the feasibility of our approach, we use the Fisher zeros and their relation to the energy fluctuations as a tool for probing criticality in Ising models in two and three dimensions. In particular, we suggest an alternative way of extracting the universal critical exponents from measured fluctuations in finite-size systems away from the phase transition. In publications III and IV, we develop a scaling analysis of the partition function zeros to investigate the criticality in higher dimensions where the hyperscaling breaks down. We also show that even if the system does not exhibit a sharp phase transition, the partition function zeros carry important information about the large-deviation statistics of the system and its symmetry properties. To this end, we determine the rare magnetization fluctuations from the asymptotic behavior of the Lee-Yang zeros, i.e., from the Yang-Lee edge singularities. This finding may constitute a profound connection between Lee-Yang theory and large-deviation statistics.en
dc.format.extent68 + app. 51
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.isbn978-952-64-0158-4 (electronic)
dc.identifier.isbn978-952-64-0157-7 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn1799-4942 (electronic)
dc.identifier.issn1799-4934 (printed)
dc.identifier.issn1799-4934 (ISSN-L)
dc.identifier.urihttps://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/59146
dc.identifier.urnURN:ISBN:978-952-64-0158-4
dc.language.isoenen
dc.opnKenna, Ralph, Prof., Coventry University, UK
dc.publisherAalto Universityen
dc.publisherAalto-yliopistofi
dc.relation.haspart[Publication 1]: Aydin Deger, Kay Brandner and Christian Flindt. Lee-Yang Zeros and large-deviation statistics of a molecular zipper. Physical Review E, 97, 012115, Editors’ Suggestion, January 2018. Full text in Acris/Aaltodoc: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201808014287. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.97.012115
dc.relation.haspart[Publication 2]: Aydin Deger and Christian Flindt. Determination of Universal Critical Exponents Using Lee-Yang Theory. Physical Review Research, 1, 023004, September 2019. Full text in Acris/Aaltodoc: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:aalto-201911076090. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.1.023004
dc.relation.haspart[Publication 3]: Aydin Deger and Christian Flindt. Lee-Yang theory of the Curie-Weiss model and its rare fluctuations. Physical Review Research, 2, 033009, July 2020. Full text in Acris/Aaltodoc: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi:aalto-202008285230. DOI: 10.1103/physrevresearch.2.033009
dc.relation.haspart[Publication 4]: Aydin Deger, Fredrik Brange and Christian Flindt. Lee-Yang theory, high cumulants, and large-deviation statistics of the magnetization in the Ising model. Physical Review B, 102, 174418, Editors’ Suggestion, November 2020. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.102.174418
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAalto University publication series DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONSen
dc.relation.ispartofseries197/2020
dc.revAharony, Amnon, Prof., Tel Aviv University, Israel
dc.revKlich, Israel, Prof., University of Virginia, USA
dc.subject.keywordLee-Yang theoryen
dc.subject.keywordFisher zerosen
dc.subject.keywordhigh-order cumulantsen
dc.subject.keywordfluctuationsen
dc.subject.keywordlarge-deviation theoryen
dc.subject.keywordcritical phenomenaen
dc.subject.keywordphase transitionsen
dc.subject.keywordYang-Lee edge singularityen
dc.subject.keywordrare event statisticsen
dc.subject.keywordIsing modelen
dc.subject.keywordzipper modelen
dc.subject.otherPhysicsen
dc.titleLee-Yang theory and large deviation statistics of interacting many-body systemsen
dc.typeG5 Artikkeliväitöskirjafi
dc.type.dcmitypetexten
dc.type.ontasotDoctoral dissertation (article-based)en
dc.type.ontasotVäitöskirja (artikkeli)fi
local.aalto.acrisexportstatuschecked 2020-12-28_2027
local.aalto.archiveyes
local.aalto.formfolder2020_11_23_klo_14_10
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