Raman spectra of 2D titanium carbide MXene from machine-learning force field molecular dynamics

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-01-26
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Mcode
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Language
en
Pages
1311-1319
Series
Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Volume 11, issue 4
Abstract
MXenes represent one of the largest classes of 2D materials with promising applications in many fields and their properties are tunable by altering the surface group composition. Raman spectroscopy is expected to yield rich information about the surface composition, but the interpretation of the recorded spectra has proven challenging. The interpretation is usually done via comparison to the simulated spectra, but there are large discrepancies between the experimental spectra and the earlier simulated spectra. In this work, we develop a computational approach to simulate the Raman spectra of complex materials which combines machine-learning force-field molecular dynamics and reconstruction of Raman tensors via projection to pristine system modes. This approach can account for the effects of finite temperature, mixed surfaces, and disorder. We apply our approach to simulate the Raman spectra of titanium carbide MXene and show that all these effects must be included in order to appropriately reproduce the experimental spectra, in particular the broad features. We discuss the origin of the peaks and how they evolve with the surface composition, which can then be used to interpret the experimental results.
Description
Funding Information: We are grateful to the Academy of Finland for support under the Academy Research Fellow funding No. 311058 and Academy Postdoc funding No. 330214. We also thank the CSC-IT Center for Science Ltd for generous grants of computer time. Publisher Copyright: © 2023 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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Citation
Berger, E, Lv, Z P & Komsa, H P 2023, ' Raman spectra of 2D titanium carbide MXene from machine-learning force field molecular dynamics ', Journal of Materials Chemistry C, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 1311-1319 . https://doi.org/10.1039/d2tc04374b