Flattened and Wrinkled Encapsulated Droplets : Shape Morphing Induced by Gravity and Evaporation

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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Physical Review Letters, Volume 130, issue 21
We report surprising morphological changes of suspension droplets (containing class II hydrophobin protein HFBI from Trichoderma reesei in water) as they evaporate with a contact line pinned on a rigid solid substrate. Both pendant and sessile droplets display the formation of an encapsulating elastic film as the bulk concentration of solute reaches a critical value during evaporation, but the morphology of the droplet varies significantly: for sessile droplets, the elastic film ultimately crumples in a nearly flattened area close to the apex while in pendant droplets, circumferential wrinkling occurs close to the contact line. These different morphologies are understood through a gravito-elastocapillary model that predicts the droplet morphology and the onset of shape changes, as well as showing that the influence of the direction of gravity remains crucial even for very small droplets (where the effect of gravity can normally be neglected). The results pave the way to control droplet shape in several engineering and biomedical applications.
Funding Information: This work has been partially supported by Ministero dell’Università e della Ricerca (Progetti di ricerca di Rilevante Interesse Nazionale (PRIN) Grant No. MATH4I4 2020F3NCPX), by Regione Lombardia (NEWMED Grant, ID: 117599, POR FESR 2014-2020), by GNFM–INdAM, by the Academy of Finland [Center of Excellence Program (2022-2029) in Life-Inspired Hybrid Materials (LIBER) Project No: 346109]. We also acknowledge the provision of facilities and technical support by Aalto University at the OtaNano Nanomicroscopy Center.
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Riccobelli, D, Al-Terke, H H, Laaksonen, P, Metrangolo, P, Paananen, A, Ras, R H A, Ciarletta, P & Vella, D 2023, ' Flattened and Wrinkled Encapsulated Droplets : Shape Morphing Induced by Gravity and Evaporation ', Physical Review Letters, vol. 130, no. 21, 218202, pp. 1-7 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.218202