Optimisation of knitted fabrics as visually concealing covers for textile-integrated photovoltaics

Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2023-04
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
19
Series
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 252
Abstract
Integrating solar cells in textiles offers a promising path toward energy-autonomous wearable electronics, but their design requires careful optimisation between energy efficiency and visual aesthetics. For this purpose, we present a systematic study of the optical properties of knitted textiles as visually concealing covers for textile-integrated solar cells. The study investigates microscopic and macroscopic factors that influence the optical performance of knitted textiles. A set of 175 samples was knitted, including 20 knit structures, 6 yarn materials, and 20 yarn colours. The knitted samples were studied using optical characterisation methods such as spectroscopy, microscopy, and photography. We developed metrics characterising solar cell performance and visual appearance, which can be used to optimise textiles based on desired performance characteristics. The strong correlation between the performance metrics demonstrates a design compromise between solar cell performance and concealment. By applying aproposed set of optimisation criteria to the knitted samples, 23 out of the 175 samples qualified as the best in solar cell performance and concealment. The developed metrics are also applicable to other textile configurations and light-sensing applications.
Description
Funding Information: The authors thank Jaakko Eskola for the photography of the coloured knits ( Fig. 23 ). This work was supported by Business Finland [Project Sun-powered Textiles, 3666/31/2019 ]. Publisher Copyright: © 2023
Keywords
Colourimetry, Energy harvesting, Knit fabric, Textile electronics, Textile solar cell
Other note
Citation
Elsehrawy , F , Blomstedt , B , Ilén , E , Palovuori , E & Halme , J 2023 , ' Optimisation of knitted fabrics as visually concealing covers for textile-integrated photovoltaics ' , Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells , vol. 252 , 112205 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2023.112205