Weak coupling Josephson junction as a current probe: effect of dissipation on escape dynamics

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School of Science | A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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21 s.
New Journal of Physics, Volume 7
We have studied the temperature dependence of escape phenomena in various underdamped Josephson junctions (JJs). The junctions had different Josephson coupling energies EJ which were relatively small, but larger than the charging energy EC. Upon increasing the temperature T, we first observe the usual cross-over between macroscopic quantum tunnelling and thermally activated (TA) behaviour at temperatures kBT ~ planckωp, where ωp is the plasma frequency of the junction. Increasing T further, the width of the switching current distribution has, counterintuitively, a non-monotonic temperature dependence. This can be explained by the novel cross-over from TA behaviour to underdamped phase diffusion. We show that this cross-over is expected to occur at temperatures such that kBT ~ EJ(1 − 4/πQ)3/2, where Q is the quality factor of the junction at the plasma frequency, in agreement with experiment. Our findings can be compared with detailed model calculations which take into account dissipation and level quantization in a metastable well. Particular attention is paid to the sample with the smallest EJ, which shows extensive phase diffusion even at the lowest temperatures. This sample consists of a dc-SQUID and a single JJ close to each other, such that the SQUID acts as a tunable inductive protection for the single junction from fluctuations of a dissipative environment. By varying the flux through the dc-SQUID, we present, for the first time, experimental evidence of the escape of a JJ from the phase diffusion regime to the free running state in a tunable environment. We also show that in the zero voltage state the losses mainly occur at frequencies near the plasma
Josephson junctions, escape phenomena, superconductivity, weak coupling
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Kivioja, J. M. & Nieminen, T. E. & Claudon, J. & Buisson, O. & Hekking, F. W. J. & Pekola, Jukka. 2005. Weak coupling Josephson junction as a current probe: effect of dissipation on escape dynamics. New Journal of Physics. Volume 7. 21 s. ISSN 1367-2630 (printed). DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/7/1/179.