Give more data, awareness and control to individual citizens, and they will help COVID-19 containment

dc.contributorAalto Universityen
dc.contributor.authorNanni, Mircoen_US
dc.contributor.authorAndrienko, Gennadyen_US
dc.contributor.authorBarabàsi, Albert Làszlòen_US
dc.contributor.authorBoldrini, Chiaraen_US
dc.contributor.authorBonchi, Francescoen_US
dc.contributor.authorCattuto, Ciroen_US
dc.contributor.authorChiaromonte, Francescaen_US
dc.contributor.authorComandé, Giovannien_US
dc.contributor.authorConti, Marcoen_US
dc.contributor.authorCoté, Marken_US
dc.contributor.authorDignum, Franken_US
dc.contributor.authorDignum, Virginiaen_US
dc.contributor.authorDomingo-Ferrer, Josepen_US
dc.contributor.authorFerragina, Paoloen_US
dc.contributor.authorGiannotti, Foscaen_US
dc.contributor.authorGuidotti, Riccardoen_US
dc.contributor.authorHelbing, Dirken_US
dc.contributor.authorKaski, Kimmoen_US
dc.contributor.authorKertesz, Janosen_US
dc.contributor.authorLehmann, Suneen_US
dc.contributor.authorLepri, Brunoen_US
dc.contributor.authorLukowicz, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorMatwin, Stanen_US
dc.contributor.authorJiménez, Davidmegìasen_US
dc.contributor.authorMonreale, Annaen_US
dc.contributor.authorMorik, Katharinaen_US
dc.contributor.authorOliver, Nuriaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPassarella, Andreaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPasserini, Andreaen_US
dc.contributor.authorPedreschi, Dinoen_US
dc.contributor.authorPentland, Alexen_US
dc.contributor.authorPianesi, Fabioen_US
dc.contributor.authorPratesi, Francescaen_US
dc.contributor.authorRinzivillo, Salvatoreen_US
dc.contributor.authorRuggieri, Salvatoreen_US
dc.contributor.authorSiebes, Arnoen_US
dc.contributor.authorTorra, Vicenҫen_US
dc.contributor.authorTrasarti, Robertoen_US
dc.contributor.authorVan Den Hoven, Jeroenen_US
dc.contributor.authorVespignani, Alessandroen_US
dc.contributor.departmentNational Research Council of Italyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentFraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systemsen_US
dc.contributor.departmentNortheastern Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentISI Foundationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentSant'Anna School of Advanced Studiesen_US
dc.contributor.departmentKing's College Londonen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUmeå Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversidad Rovira i Virgilien_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Pisaen_US
dc.contributor.departmentSwiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurichen_US
dc.contributor.departmentKaski Kimmo groupen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCentral European Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDanmarks Tekniske Universiteten_US
dc.contributor.departmentFondazione Bruno Kessleren_US
dc.contributor.departmentGerman Research Center for Artificial Intelligence (DFKI)en_US
dc.contributor.departmentDalhousie Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentOpen University of Cataloniaen_US
dc.contributor.departmentTU Dortmund Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentELLIS Alicanteen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUniversità degli Studi di Trentoen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology MITen_US
dc.contributor.departmentEIT Digitalen_US
dc.contributor.departmentUtrecht Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentMaynooth Universityen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDelft University of Technologyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Computer Scienceen
dc.description.abstractThe rapid dynamics of COVID-19 calls for quick and effective tracking of virus transmission chains and early detection of outbreaks, especially in the “phase 2” of the pandemic, when lockdown and other restriction measures are progressively withdrawn, in order to avoid or minimize contagion resurgence. For this purpose, contact-tracing apps are being proposed for large scale adoption by many countries. A centralized approach, where data sensed by the app are all sent to a nation-wide server, raises concerns about citizens’ privacy and needlessly strong digital surveillance, thus alerting us to the need to minimize personal data collection and avoiding location tracking. We advocate the conceptual advantage of a decentralized approach, where both contact and location data are collected exclusively in individual citizens’ “personal data stores”, to be shared separately and selectively (e.g., with a backend system, but possibly also with other citizens), voluntarily, only when the citizen has tested positive forCOVID-19, and with a privacy preserving level of granularity. This approach better protects the personal sphere of citizens and affords multiple benefits: It allows for detailed information gathering for infected people in a privacy-preserving fashion; and, in turn this enables both contact tracing, and, the early detection of outbreak hotspots on more finely-granulated geographic scale. The decentralized approach is also scalable to large populations, in that only the data of positive patients need be handled at a central level. Our recommendation is two-fold. First to extend existing decentralized architectures with a light touch, in order to manage the collection of location data locally on the device, and allowthe user to share spatio-temporal aggregates-if and when they want and for specific aims-with health authorities, for instance. Second, we favour a longerterm pursuit of realizing a Personal Data Store vision, giving users the opportunity to contribute to collective good in the measure they want, enhancing self-awareness, and cultivating collective efforts for rebuilding society.en
dc.description.versionPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.citationNanni , M , Andrienko , G , Barabàsi , A L , Boldrini , C , Bonchi , F , Cattuto , C , Chiaromonte , F , Comandé , G , Conti , M , Coté , M , Dignum , F , Dignum , V , Domingo-Ferrer , J , Ferragina , P , Giannotti , F , Guidotti , R , Helbing , D , Kaski , K , Kertesz , J , Lehmann , S , Lepri , B , Lukowicz , P , Matwin , S , Jiménez , D , Monreale , A , Morik , K , Oliver , N , Passarella , A , Passerini , A , Pedreschi , D , Pentland , A , Pianesi , F , Pratesi , F , Rinzivillo , S , Ruggieri , S , Siebes , A , Torra , V , Trasarti , R , Van Den Hoven , J & Vespignani , A 2020 , ' Give more data, awareness and control to individual citizens, and they will help COVID-19 containment ' , Transactions on data privacy , vol. 13 , no. 1 , pp. 61-66 . < >en
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d6d8f856-77c6-4adf-877a-b433f4cdf350en_US
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dc.publisherInstituto de Estudios Documentales sobre Ciencia y Tecnologia
dc.relation.ispartofseriesTransactions on data privacyen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesVolume 13, issue 1en
dc.subject.keywordContact tracingen_US
dc.subject.keywordMobility data analysisen_US
dc.subject.keywordPersonal Data Storeen_US
dc.titleGive more data, awareness and control to individual citizens, and they will help COVID-19 containmenten
dc.typeA1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessäfi