Interaction of divalent cations with carboxylate group in TEMPO-oxidized microfibrillated cellulose systems

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Date
2019-05-30
Major/Subject
Mcode
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
11
4841-4851
Series
Cellulose, Volume 26, issue 8
Abstract
Cellulose-based films can potentially replace non-biodegradable plastic films in various applications such as food packaging. In this work we produced and studied films made of mixtures of chemical pulps and catalytically oxidized microfibrillated cellulose. The films were prepared on a support which was then soaked in solutions of CaCl 2 and MgCl 2 to exchange the sodium ions originally present in the film to divalent metal cations. We assumed that the electrostatic interaction of the anionic pulp fibers and the fibrils with Ca 2+ and Mg 2+ would promote internal bonding of the fiber-fibril network that would then reflect positively on the film properties. The immersion of the wet film into aqueous CaCl 2 or MgCl 2 solidified the film with time. When the solidified films were dried with an excess of the salt, elastic, skin-like materials were formed. Rewetting in water and redrying the materials produced paper-like films with improved mechanical properties in comparison with films prepared without the divalent cation salts. SEM imaging of the fracture surfaces provided support for the increased internal film strength by the divalent cations. The new knowledge on their role could be utilized in tailoring cellulosic film properties for specific uses.
Description
Keywords
Bleached hardwood kraft pulp, Calcium chloride, Cellulose film, Magnesium chloride, Microfibrillated cellulose, Tensile strength
Other note
Citation
Khanjani , P , Kosonen , H , Ristolainen , M , Virtanen , P & Vuorinen , T 2019 , ' Interaction of divalent cations with carboxylate group in TEMPO-oxidized microfibrillated cellulose systems ' , Cellulose , vol. 26 , no. 8 , pp. 4841-4851 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-019-02417-w