Local eukaryotic and bacterial stream community assembly is shaped by regional land use effects

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A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
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ISME Communications, Volume 3
With anticipated expansion of agricultural areas for food production and increasing intensity of pressures stemming from land-use, it is critical to better understand how species respond to land-use change. This is particularly true for microbial communities which provide key ecosystem functions and display fastest responses to environmental change. However, regional land-use effects on local environmental conditions are often neglected, and, hence, underestimated when investigating community responses. Here we show that the effects stemming from agricultural and forested land use are strongest reflected in water conductivity, pH and phosphorus concentration, shaping microbial communities and their assembly processes. Using a joint species distribution modelling framework with community data based on metabarcoding, we quantify the contribution of land-use types in determining local environmental variables and uncover the impact of both, land-use, and local environment, on microbial stream communities. We found that community assembly is closely linked to land-use type but that the local environment strongly mediates the effects of land-use, resulting in systematic variation of taxon responses to environmental conditions, depending on their domain (bacteria vs. eukaryote) and trophic mode (autotrophy vs. heterotrophy). Given that regional land-use type strongly shapes local environments, it is paramount to consider its key role in shaping local stream communities.
Weigel , B , Graco-Roza , C , Hultman , J , Pajunen , V , Teittinen , A , Kuzmina , M , Zakharov , EV , Soininen , J & Ovaskainen , O 2023 , ' Local eukaryotic and bacterial stream community assembly is shaped by regional land use effects ' , ISME Communications , vol. 3 , 65 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s43705-023-00272-2