Image Based Indoor Navigation

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Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Perustieteiden korkeakoulu | Master's thesis
Date
2014
Department
Major/Subject
Tietokoneverkot
Mcode
T-110
Degree programme
Language
en
Pages
87 s.
Series
Abstract
Over the last years researchers proposed numerous indoor localization and navigation systems. However, solutions that use WiFi or Radio Frequency Identification require infrastructure to be deployed in the navigation area and infrastructure less techniques, e.g. the ones based on mobile cell ID or dead reckoning suffer from large accuracy errors. In this Thesis, we present a novel approach of infrastructure-less indoor navigation system based on computer vision Structure from Motion techniques. We implemented a prototype localization and navigation system which can build a navigation map using area photos as input and accurately locate a user in the map. In our client-server architecture based system, a client is a mobile application, which allows a user to locate her or his position by simply taking a photo. The server handles map creation, localization queries and path finding. After the implementation, we evaluated the localization accuracy and latency of the system by benchmarking navigation queries and the model creation algorithm. The system is capable of successfully navigating in Aalto University computer science department library. We were able to achieve an average error of 0.26 metres for successfully localised photos. In the Thesis, we also present challenges that we solved to adapt computer vision techniques for localisation purposes. Finally we observe the possible future work topics to adapt the system to a wide use.
Description
Supervisor
Ylä-Jääski, Antti
Sodin, Peter
Thesis advisor
Xiao, Yu
Keywords
navigation, structure from motion, point clouds, feature extraction, indoor localisation, navigation mesh, pathnding
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Citation